Mesopotamia PowerPoint - Mrs. Darling's Digital Classroom.

Bell Ringer
1.) Prepare for your SOL Rolling Review PreHistory quiz
2.) Complete the provided Mesopotamia map
identification worksheet
• The world’s first civilizations all began in
river valleys.
• The first civilization
began in an area known
as Mesopotamia.
• Name means “land
between the rivers.”
• Rivers: Tigris and
Euphrates – flooded
once per year, leaving
behind fertile soil ideal
for farming.
• Entire area is part of the
“Fertile Crescent” – an arc
of land from the
Mediterranean Sea in the
west, through Mesopotamia,
to the Persian Gulf in the
• The first society to develop in
the Fertile Crescent was Sumer.
• Surrounding deserts and the lack of natural
barriers attracted outsiders to Mesopotamia
and made the Sumerians vulnerable to
Lasting Contributions of Sumer:
• Writing:
Sumerians made the
world’s first writing
system, a system of
wedges and lines called
Phoenicians simplified
cuneiform to a 22 letter
Phoenician merchants
spread the alphabet
throughout the
Mediterranean world.
The alphabet influenced
Greek, Latin, & English.
Lasting Contributions of Sumer:
• Religion:
The Sumerians, just like many
other ancient civilizations, were
polytheistic, meaning they
believed in many gods.
Each god had power over
different forces of nature or
parts of the people’s lives.
Sumerians believed that people
were just the servants of the gods.
The ziggurat was a religious
structure or temple where
sacrifices to the gods were made.
The Babylonians
• By 2000 B.C.E., Mesopotamia
was governed by a group of
people called Amorites.
• Capital City  Babylon,
located near present day
Baghdad, Iraq.
• The people were known as
the Babylonians.
• Babylonian culture was
greatly influenced by the
Hammurabi’s Code
• From 1792-1750 B.C. (B.C.E), Babylon was
ruled by a king named Hammurabi.
• He is known for establishing the worlds first
organized, written law code, which was based
on old Sumerian laws.
• These laws helped to establish
the “eye for an eye” principle.
Hammurabi’s Code (cont’d)
• Hammurabi had the law posted all over Babylon for everyone
to read.
• The point of the law was to keep the strong from taking
advantage of the weak.
• The code included civil and criminal law, land, trade, as
well as military and family law.
• Turning Point in History
Exit Ticket:
Develop a “Hammurabi’s Code” for Princess Anne High School:
• Your code should include at least
5 laws and consequences
• Think about things that are important to keep order in a
• Be realistic! Nothing ridiculous, please…