Decolonization Regents Questions 1. Which factor most limited the development of African nationalism? 1. European support of an educational system based on local traditions and language 2. the prior experience of Africans with economic self-sufficiency 3. political boundaries imposed by Europeans that had little relationship to African tribal boundaries 4. the European practice of making decisions based on local customs 2. Mohandas Gandhi is best known for his 1. use of passive resistance to achieve Indian independence 2. desire to establish and Islamic nations 3. opposition to Hindus holding political office 4. encouragement of violence to end British rule 3. The primary goal of the Indian National Congress (1855-1947) was to 1. reform the Hindu religion 2. partition India between Muslims and Hindus 3. create a socialist economy 4. gain independence from Great Britain 4. One similarity between the Sepoys in India, the Boxers in China, and the Mau Mau in Kenya is that these groups 1. tried to drive Europeans out of their countries 2. depended on Western support for their success 3. adopted Marxist economic and political principles 4. sought independence through nonviolence 5. The war between India and Pakistan in Kashmir in 1965, the sending of Indian troops to Sir Lanka in 1987, and the assassination of Rajiv Gan in 1991 all demonstrate that in South Asia 1. a. the Shino religion is a significant force 2. a. United Nations peacekeeping forces are ineffective 3. b. regional and ethnic rivalries remain strong 4. c. nations are vulnerable to a communist takeover 6. The caste system is still practiced in India today primarily because it is 1. encouraged by village customs and traditions 2. enforced by the military 3. supported by Christian and Muslim teachings 4. mandated by law 7. The actions of Jomo Kenyatta, Kwame Nkrumah, Leopold Senghor, and Julius Nyerere were most closely associated with 1. a rise in nationalism in several African countries 2. the end of apartheid in South Africa 3. a resurgence of colonialism in east Africa 4. the revival of Islam in northern Africa 8. During the Cold War period, India’s foreign policy was committed to 1. supporting communism in Asia 2. rejecting democracy in Pakistan 3. nonalignment with the world powers 4. isolationism in international commerce 9. Which conclusion is best supported by this cartoon? 1. 2. 3. 4. Imprisonment of political dissidents rarely ends opposition to the government. The United Nations supports punishment for acts of civil disobedience. Better media coverage would prevent the imprisonment of protesters. Mistreatment of political prisoners often results in their acceptance of government policies.