CH 7 Section 5

CH 10 Sections 1,2, and 3.
Regional and Global Issues,
Looking to the Future, and
Art and Literature.
Before Indian independence, Kashmir was its own nation
under a Hindu prince with a majority Muslim population.
When Muslims rebelled, its leader asked India for help, and
India occupied the nation. The UN brokered a cease-fire and
the nation was split with Pakistan getting 1/3 and India the
Both Pakistan and India have nuclear weapons.
Because the two nations have been to war
three times, this is a volatile situation.
India refused military alliance with either the US
or the USSR during the Cold War. They sought
friendly relations with China.
Pakistan was strongly anti-Communist and thus
joined military alliance with the US to stop Soviet
expansion. It received much military and financial
aid from the US.
As an Islamic nation, Pakistan has sought close ties
with Iran and Turkey., and accepted aid from the oilrich Persian Gulf nations
Environmental issues
• The deforestation of the
• Narmada Valley Project.
• Accident at Bhopal.
• Nuclear accidents,
fertilizers, and
insecticides that can hurt
the environment.
BY the early 200’s, South Asia had 1.4
billion people. India’s population will
overtake China by 2025.
• Medical improved so
people don’t often
die from cholera,
smallpox, and
malaria. Infant
mortality has
declined. This leads
to population density
and a strain on
limited resources.
Asoka ordered
building of stupas
burial mounds,
housing remains of
Buddha or other
Hindu sculptors covered every inch of
temples with carvings. Indian sculptors
mingled Buddhist and Hindu themes.
Two epic Indian
poems are the
and Ramayana.
They contain
many verses and
important Hindu
Indian Dance
Every movement in
Indian dance has
meaning. Through
eye, head and hand
they tell stories.
Dancers train for
years to learn
hundreds of hand
movements called
Movies are the most popular performing art in
India. Studios turn out more than 900 per year.