Regional Economies
Create Differences
Another Revolution Affects America
Industrial Revolution: Machines replaced hand tools and created large scale factory production,
which allowed mass production of goods.
After the Revolutionary War, the US focused on Trade instead of creating their own goods.
Thomas Jefferson would convince the US to turn inward, and start creating domestic industry.
◦ This would kill the shipping industry
New England focused on creating an industry:
◦ They created Textiles
◦ Thread
◦ Later the actual cloth
Two Economic Systems Develop
Agriculture in the North:
Small farms
Low Labor
Crops that would flourish
No Slaves
Agriculture in the South
◦ Cotton Gin-helped speed up the harvest
◦ Large Farms-Plantations
◦ Large Slave work force
Clay Proposes the American System
A plan to unify the two plans was proposed by President Madison in 1815:
◦ Developing transportation systems and other internal improvements
◦ Establishing a protective tariff
◦ Resurrecting the National Bank
Henry Clay, promoted this as the American System
Uniting the nation’s Economic interests
The North would produce goods for the South to buy
The South would provide raw textiles for the North
The South would feed the North
The National Road and the Erie Canal would help lower cost of industry and trade.
Tariffs would be introduced to help pay for the internal improvements.
Nationalism at Center
The Supreme Court Boosts National
Gibbons v Ogden
◦ Commerce across state lines, Steamboat monopoly
McCulloch v Maryland
◦ Strengthened the Federal Government, National over State Gov., Denied the taxing of a National Bank
Fletcher v Peck
◦ Disallowed the state interfering in contracts
Nationalism Shapes Foreign Policy
Nationalism: the belief that national interest should be placed ahead of regional concerns of the
interest of other countries.
◦ Pushes the US West
Spain gives Florida and Oregon to US.
The push to expand the Territory of the US fell short with the Monroe Doctrine.
◦ No one was going to colonize the Western Hemisphere, or else!
The Missouri Compromise: Dividing the new Louisiana Territory into slave and free states at the
Missouri state line.
The Second Great Awakening
Second Great Awakening: Religious movement that swept across the nation
◦ Pushed the idea that, God did not predetermine if you were going to Heaven or Hell, but people could
improve themselves and society to get to heaven.
Revivals would pop up across the country with 20,000 plus people attending. This would bring in
a lot of slaves and African Americans, and would create the African American Church.
At this time education and prison reform would also take place, to create a uniform set of rules
for the education and care of people.
Transcendentalism and Reforms
Transcendentalism: a movement that emphasized living a simple life and celebrated the truth
found in nature and in personal emotion and imagination.
Authors promoted the idea of optimism, freedom, and self reliance
Civil Disobedience: refuse to follow laws they do not want to follow, but do it in a peaceful
Movement to resettle the African Americans back in Africa.
Abolition: the call to outlaw slavery.