Expanding Public Education Mr. White’s US History 1 Big Questions As you complete these notes, think about these questions: What advantages do higher levels of education give to people? How has the expansion of public education made life better for Americans? Before Expansion of Public Education Before public education expanded, most children only went to school for about four years Since most children’s families farmed, there was not much need to go much longer Mandatory Schooling Between 1865 and 1895, many states passed laws requiring school attendance for children 8 to 14 Emphasized memorization, used corporal punishment Children still begin attending school at an earlier age, and for longer High School Business leaders pointed out that it was important to train skilled workers for the future of business By 1900, half a million students attended high school Curriculum included science, civics, social studies Expansion of Higher Education College enrollment quadrupled between 1880 and 1920 Colleges worked to prepare people for industry and business Education Inequalities – African Americans Mostly excluded from American public schools – elementary and high school Many sought higher education, but there weren’t many people who would help fund these universities Booker T. Washington – started a teacher’s school to train African Americans as teachers W.E.B. DuBois – started Niagara movement, which insisted that African Americans should get a college education so that they could be good leaders Discussion Question What are some of the advantages you have in terms of education that people 100 years ago didn’t always have? How have these helped your life?