Letter # 1 - Chapter 6 in Lord of the Flies There are two main skills you will be working on while reading Lord of the Flies. One is summary writing, as you know. The second skill is letter writing. Both of these skills will be required in order to complete the summative in this unit. Below is a note on letter writing, please read the following, then follow the instructions below: How To Write an Effective Letter A well-written letter can advance your career, clarify a business plan, make a sale, satisfy your clients or customers, motivate your staff, enhance your social life, improve a personal relationship, or further your personal well-being. Your success in business depends on your ability to write effective letters. A) An Effective Letter: grabs the reader's attention provides information, makes a recommendation, or asks for action supports your position or explains benefits to reader mentions next steps and deadlines B) Types of Letters There are 3 types of routine business letters you may have to write: 1) information, 2) bad news, and 3) persuasion. 1. Information Letter used when requesting facts, sending facts, or conveying good news reason for writing, or good news, is in first paragraph provides details in next paragraph ends with a call for action 2. Bad News Letter uses the indirect approach opens with a neutral idea provides facts and supporting evidence reason for writing (bad news) is presented next ends with a neutral close 3. Persuasion Letter used to sell a product, service or idea to the reader opens with an attention-getter introduces the product, service or idea presents details offers benefits to the reader C) How to Plan Your Letter: Always plan what you want to say to the reader before you begin to write any letter. A plan, or outline, will help you organize your thoughts and all the points you need to cover. Know your purpose. Think about why you are writing the letter and what you hope to achieve by writing it. Decide what your main point will be. List all the relevant facts. Your letter will have maximum impact if you support your point with logically presented facts. Do any necessary research to gather information to back up your point. Know your audience. Analyzing your readers helps you decide what tone to take, what facts to include, and how you address the readers. Consider what the readers know, need to know, want to know, and what you want them to do. Show the readers what's in it for them or the organization. Furthermore, remember to think about what the reader thinks of you. Generate ideas. Brainstorm by writing down all the ideas you can come up with pertaining to your topic. Ask yourself a series of questions such as: Who? What? When? Where? Why? How? Then, answer those questions. You can also create your own questions. Your assignment: After reading Chapter Six, write a letter from to Ralph that is aimed at helping him become a better leader. Before writing the letter, consider and BRAINSTORM the following: 1) What signs are there that his leadership of the boys is not that strong? How do you let him know this without offending him? 2) What specific examples will you point out to him regarding his difficulties with leadership? (We can brainstorm a list as a class) 3) What aspects of his leadership can you compliment Ralph on? 4) How exactly can Ralph improve? Make sure that you refer specifically to how he persuades his audience at the meetings and at other times 5) What are the benefits for Ralph if he follows the suggestions you make in this letter? When you have finished brainstorming, write the letter. Make sure you break the letter up into paragraphs and use appropriate spelling and grammar conventions. Many corrections, etc. pointed out regarding your essays will apply here as well so you may want to look at the Riche's Advice page. Your letter is due ____________________. Letter Writing Rubric: Agreement: 1. As long as you your mark for the 2. If you earn 3+ you can stop--you complete the number of letters requested of you, report card will reflect your best overall mark. for every single category on two separate letters, obviously get it. Level 4 (80-100%) Thinking Argument /10 The proper tone to persuade the target audience is carefully and successfully developed. The letter's purpose is clear and it is the analysis of the supporting evidence is insightful. Communication - Mechanics /10 Communication - Organization /10 Knowledge/ Understanding of the novel /10 Level 3 (70-80%) The letter is written using an appropriate tone to persuade the target audience. The letter is purposeful (ie) it clearly states the purpose and supports that purpose with evidence. Level 2 (60-70%) Level 1 (50-60%) There is an attempt to use the appropriate tone to persuade the target audience. Only a few token attempts are made at finding the right tone. The letter is purposeful, but it is either not clearly stated or not fully supported with evidence. The letter is either not purposeful or has a very limited amount of evidence. There are basically no mechanical errors (spelling, punctuation, capitalization, sentence structure). There are very few mechanical errors (spelling, punctuation, capitalization, sentence structure). There are a few mechanical errors (spelling, punctuation, capitalization, sentence structure). There are a number of mechanical errors (spelling, punctuation, capitalization, sentence structure). The introduction and conclusion are clear and thoughtful. There is a clear introduction and conclusion. Either the introduction or the conclusion is somewhat faulty. The ideas progress logically. Transitions are varied and appropriate. There is also a logical progression supported by the use of transitions. Both the introduction and conclusion need a fair bit of improvement. The letter demonstrates an excellent understanding of paragraph structure. The letter demonstrates an understanding of proper paragraph structure. The facts you've chosen to discuss, your ability to take on the viewpoint of a character from the novel, and your ability to understand what motivates your target audience all demonstrate an excellent understanding of the text. The facts you've chosen to discuss, your ability to take on the viewpoint of a character from the novel, and your ability to understand what motivates your target audience all demonstrate a good understanding of the text. There is also a logical progression supported by the use of transitions. The letter demonstrates some understanding of proper paragraph structure. You struggle a little either with finding good evidence or with understanding the letter reader or writer and therefore you only demonstrate some understanding of the text. Either the order of ideas is not logical or there is no order. (0-5) Does not meet requirements. Does not meet requirements. Does not meet requirements. The letter demonstrates little understanding of paragraph structure (eg) it is all one paragraph. You demonstrate a limited understanding of the novel because you are not able to access and use important evidence and you have trouble investigating the characters. Does not meet requirements.