How the course works
• Refer often to your syllabus! Your Papers are the syllabus
• Paper 1 = 1 Paper: DBQ style writing
• Communism in Crisis 1976-1989
• Struggle after Mao’s death  Deng Xiaoping’s 4 modernizations
• “Prescribed Subject 3”
• Paper 2 = 2 Papers: general knowledge questions
• Topic 3: Origins and Development of authoritarian and single-party
states: Hitler, Stalin, Mao
• Topic 5: The Cold War
• Paper 3 = HOTA = 3 Papers: general knowledge questions
• US Civil War
• Mexican Revolution
• Cold War
• Civil Rights
How the course works
• Remind me often to say which paper we are currently
discussing – as I will forget to mention “Hey, we are
currently on Paper 1…”
• I will run through events chronologically as much as
possible, with brief explorations into other topics should
they be necessary
• Your syllabus should be by your side at all moments so
you can refer to what we are discussing daily
• Yes, we have large papers
• We also have:
• Primary Source readings – DBQ style
• Presentations
• Analysis and creation of Propaganda
• Film/Documentary analysis from China, Nazi Germany, USSR, US
• Research
How to cite within IB 20th C
• Any “paper” turned in will be turned in using
unless otherwise specified
In class assignments are generally NOT papers
History, as a disciplines, uses Chicago citations
We do NOT use MLA.
I will briefly explain how to use Chicago and we will
practice at some point (maybe)
Chicago style citations
• Chicago uses footnotes or endnotes
• Footnotes appear at the bottom of an individual page
• Endnotes appear at the end of the totality of the work, but
before the bibliography
Both have a bibliography that follows the work
Footnotes bibliography will appear after the last page of
the work
Endnotes bibliography will appear after the last page of
the work AND after all of the notes
Look at the examples on the next page: note how
footnotes or endnotes can be used either to cite
information or to provide explanatory notes
Chicago Citations
How to cite within footnotes/endnotes
• After entering text on word, click references, click insert footnote. A
small number should appear at the bottom of the current page.
Note – 1. Firstname Lastname, Title of Book (Place of publication,
Year of publication), page number.
Bibliography 1. Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of Pub:
Publisher, Year of Pub.
Note 1. Firstname Lastname, “Title of Article,” Journal Name volume
number, issue number (date of pub): page number
Bib 1. Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Article.” Journal Name volume
number, issue number (date of pub): all page numbers
If Electronic:
Note 1. …page number, access date (month day, year), web address
Bib 1 … page numbers. Access date (month day, year). Web address.
Where to go if you are uncertain how to
• Purdue OWL
• All citation types and methods for
various sources
• Memorize the formula – do not rely
on easybib or other methods that
cite for you
Why do we cite?
• “Take the issue of documentation. For an academic, there
is something sacred about a citation. The proper citation
of a source is a small tribute to the hard work, diligence,
intelligence, and integrity of someone dedicated enough
to make a contribution to knowledge. For you, citations
and bibliographies are pointless hoops to jump through
and you often treat these requirements carelessly.
Further, our differences on the issue of giving or taking
proper credit accounts for the fact that you so seldom take
plagiarism as seriously as I do.”
• Kieth M. Parson “Message to My Freshman Students,”
Huffington Post 14 May 2015,,
accessed 18 May 2015.
• The study of historical writing.
• Orthodox – US is a city upon a hill, Wilsonian idealism.
• Revisionist – Zinn (people’s history), Chomsky – we are
imperialists but we do not recognize it, counter-culture
• Post-Revisionist – John Lewis Gattis – we made some
mistakes, we did the right things