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Break Even Test This test consists of 10 questions designed to test your understanding of break even analysis. The links provide you with a choice of answer, along with explanations and solutions. You will need a calculator to complete this test. Question 1. Contribution can be found by using which of the following a. Revenue per unit - variable costs per unit b. Fixed costs - variable costs c. Variable costs per unit - revenue per unit Your answer is correct. Contribution measures the gross profit of each unit sold.Try again. Contribution measures the gross profit of each unit sold.Try again. Question 2. A firm has fixed costs of £1,200 , and contribution per unit of 60p, what is breakeven level of output ? A. 1,500 units B. £2,000 C. 2,000 units To find Break even level of output the formula is fixed costs divided by contribution per unit. . Try Again To find Break even level of output the formula is fixed costs divided by contribution per unit. And remember we are looking for an output quantity, not a monetary value Try Again Correct Question 3. What is a firms break even point if its fixed costs are £1,300 per week, revenue £4.00 per unit and variable costs £2.50 per unit?? A. 325 units per week B. 867 units per week C. 520 units per week To find Break even level of output the formula is fixed costs divided by contribution per unit. To find contribution take VC per unit from Revenue per unit Try Again Correct To find Break even level of output the formula is fixed costs divided by contribution per unit. To find contribution take VC per unit from Revenue per unit Try Again Question 4. A firm has an output level of 870 units per week, and a break even output level of 650 units per week. What is the firms margin of safety? A. nil units per week B. 1520 units per week C. 220 units per week Margin of safety equals Output - break even output Margin of safety equals Output - break even output Correct Question 5. Which of the following defines fixed costs? A. Costs that vary directly in proportion to output. B. Costs that remain the same, in the short run no matter what the output level. Fixed costs always remain the same in the short run. Correct Question 6. What will be a firms losses given the following situation. Output 1600 units, contribution £2.50 unit, break even point 2000 units A. £1000 loss B. £4000 loss C. £5000 loss Correct To find losses Take output from break even output and multiply the answer by contribution per unit. To find losses Take output from break even output and multiply the answer by contribution per unit. Question 7. Which of the following holds true in the long run? A. Variable costs always fall. B. Fixed costs become variable. Diseconomies of scale can cause variable costs per unit to rise. Correct. The long run is defined as when fixed costs become variable Question 8. Given the following what will the firms profits per year be? Fixed costs £6000 per week, sales 4,000 per week, revenue per unit £10, variable costs per unit £7.50. A. £4,000 B. £208,000 C. £32,000 To find profit. First calculate contribution per unit Then find break even point Then find margin of safety Finally multiply margin of safety by contribution. Correct. To find profit you. First calculated contribution per unit Then found break even point Then found margin of safety and finally multiplied margin of safety by contribution To find profit. First calculate contribution per unit Then find break even point Then find margin of safety Finally multiply margin of safety by contribution Question 9. Which of the following is a weakness with break even analysis? A. It ignores overhead costs B. It does not allow for costs of production rising with output C. It does not allow for economies of scale Overheads are part of fixed costs Variable costs allow for this Correct To allow for economies of scale the fixed costs line should be a convex curve. Question 10. A firm increases sales from, 1,200 units per month to 1,700 units per month. Variable costs are £4.00 per unit, fixed costs are £3,000 per month and revenue is £8.00 per unit. How much do profits increase by? A. £4,000 per month B. £6,800 per month C. £2,000 per month Wrong. Calculate contribution, and multiply by the increase in sales. For a full break down of figures try calculating break even point. Wrong. Calculate contribution, and multiply by the increase in sales. For a full break down of figures try calculating break even point. Correct. You calculated contribution, and multiplied by the increase in sales. You have now completed the test. For further more detailed revision please use the case studies on the ALoA web site www.aloa.co.uk