HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE Presented by: Angie Paola Garcia Teaching: Bertha Inés Ramirez HARDWARE HARDWARE is the physical aspect of computers, telecommunications, and other devices. The term arose as a way to distinguish the "box" and the electronic circuitry and components of a computer from the program you put in it to make it do things. The Hardware has several components, among them are: MOTHERBOARD A motherboard is one of the most essential parts of a computer system. It holds together many of the crucial components of a computer, including the central processing unit (CPU), memory and connectors for input and output devices. PROCESSOR A processor, or "microprocessor," is a small chip that resides in computers and other electronic devices. Its basic job is to receive input and provide the appropriate output. The central processor of a computer is also known as the CPU, or "central processing unit." This processor handles all the basic system instructions, such as processing mouse and keyboard input and running applications. RAM RAM (pronounced ramm) is an acronym for random access memory, a type of computer memory that can be accessed randomly; that is, any byte of memory can be accessed without touching the preceding bytes. GRAPHICS CARDS OR VIDEO CARD A video card connects to the motherboard of a computer system and generates output images to display. Video cards are also referred to as graphics cards. Video cards include a processing unit, memory, a cooling mechanism and connections to a display device. SOUND CARD Alternatively referred to as a sound board or audio card, a sound card is an expansion card or integrated circuit that provides a computer with the ability to produce sound that can be perceived by the user through a peripheral device like speakers or headphones. NETWORK INTERFACE CARD A network interface card (NIC) is a computer circuit board or card that is installed in a computer so that it can be connected to a network. Personal computers and workstations on a local area network (LAN) typically contain a network interface card specifically designed for the LAN transmission technology HARD DISK A hard disk is part of a unit, often called a "disk drive," "hard drive," or "hard disk drive," that stores and provides relatively quick access to large amounts of data on an electromagnetically charged surface or set of surfaces. DISK DRIVE A disk drive is a device that reads and/or writes data to a disk. The most common type of disk drive is a hard drive (or "hard disk drive"), but several other types of disk drives exist as well. Some examples include removable storage devices, floppy drives, and optical drives, which read optical media, such as CDs and DVDs. SOFTWARE Software means computer instructions or data. Anything that can be stored electronically is software, in contrast to storage devices and display devices which are called hardware. Without software, computers would be useless. INTERNET BROWSER FIREFOX: is the highly popular free web browser. Mozilla's next generation of browsers that include such great features as tabbed browsing, popup blocking, and other features not found in other browsers at the time. MOVIE PLAYER VLC PLAYER: is a free and open-source media player for Microsoft Windows, Linux, and Mac OS that is capable of playing any every audio file, various video files, and even DVD movies. GRAPHICS PROGRAM CORELDRAW: Is a computer application design vector graphic, so it uses mathematical formulas in its content. E-MAIL E-mail software program by Microsoft that enables users to send and receive e-mail on their computer. There are two versions of Outlook; Microsoft Outlook Express and Microsoft Outlook.