Name: Reading Guide: Pages 115-119 Ancient World History

Reading Guide:
Pages 115-119
Ancient World History – “Warring City-States”
Answer the following questions as you read along.
The “So What?” (aka… Why am I reading this?)
The growth in city-states in Greece led to the development of several political systems, including
democracy. We study the development of these political systems in Greece because in today’s world
many of those systems are still in use around the world.
1. What is a “polis”?
2. What is a monarchy?
3. What is an aristocracy?
4. What is an oligarchy?
5. Who did the Greeks consider “barbarians”?
6. Why was iron better than bronze?
7. What is a phalanx?
8. What is a tyrant?
9. Where was Sparta?
10. Who were the helots? Were they the Messenians?
11. What were the two groups that ruled Sparta?
12. When did Spartan boys start their military training?
13. What were the lives of girls and women in Sparta?
14. Where was Athens in relation to Sparta?
15. What is a democracy?
16. Was everyone in Athens considered a citizen?
17. Were women, slaves, or foreigners considered citizens?
18. Who was Cylon?
19. Who was Draco? What did he do?
20. Who was Solon? What did he do?
21. Who was Cleisthenes? What did he do?
22. What was the greatest danger to Athens and Sparta?
23. Where did the Persian Wars begin? Why?
24. Why was the Battle of Marathon important?
25. Why is a marathon 26.2 miles?
26. What happened at Thermopylae?
27. What happened at Salamis?
28. What happened at Plataea?
29. What was the Delian League?
30. What was the result of the Persian War?