Human Sexuality Shayla McBride The objective of this PowerPoint is to inform and further students knowledge of female and male sexual anatomy and physiology. Today, women are more familiar with their sexual body parts than they have been in the past. I believe it is very important to know and explore yourself at an age before you go through puberty and changes. Hopefully the information in this slideshow will help you understand yourself more. The vulva consists of all of the external genitals of the female. The vulva includes Pubic Hair Mons veneris Labia majora Labia minora Clitoris Urinary opening Vaginal opening What do you think is the cause for women altering the appearance of their vulvas? They do not like the size or shape of their labia's. (labiaplasty) Religious or cultural beliefs. For sexual pleasure by piercing the labia. To look more like the women do in pornography. Because they have received negative comments from sexual partners about their vulvas. This is referred to as the “mound of venus”. The mons veneris is the area the covers the pubic bone. Touching the mons veneris can be pleasurable because of the many nerve endings The mons veneris becomes covered in hair during puberty The labia majora are the outer lips The labia minora are in the inner lips that are inside the inner lips and sometimes protrude out of the outer lips. The labia minora do not have hair on them, and join at the prepuce(clitoral hood). The labia minora and majora vary in size, shape, and color in every woman. The clitoris’ only function is sexual pleasure. It’s an extremely sensitive structure. The size, shape, and position vary for each woman. A few days before ovulation the clitoris becomes larger. The vestibule is located inside the labia minora. It has a lot of nerve endings and blood vessels so it makes it sensitive. Urine passes out of the body through the urethral opening. The urethra is a short tube that connects the bladder and the urinary opening. The urethra is located between the clitoris and the vaginal opening. The introitus is the opening to the vagina. It is located between the anus and the urethral opening. The hymen is present at birth and remains intact until the first intercourse. The only function of the hymen is to protect the vaginal tissues in the early stages of life. The perineum is present in males and females. It is the smooth skin between the anus and the vaginal opening on a woman and the scrotum and anus on a man. There are several structures underneath the vulva. Those structures are: Cavernous bodies located in the shaft of the clitoris which fill with blood during sexual arousal. There are two Vestibular bulbs on each side of the vaginal opening that also fill with blood during sexual arousal. Bartholin’s glands are inside the vaginal opening and secrete liquid during sexual arousal. The vagina is a canal that opens at the vulva. It contains three layers of tissue: mucose, muscle, and fibrous tissue. Sperm pass through the vagina through the cervix. The cervix is located at the back of the vagina. The uterus, also known as the womb, is a pear shaped organ. The uterus is where the fetus grows. Eggs and sperm travel through the fallopian tubes. The fallopian tubes are extended from each side of the uterus. The ovaries are about the size of an almond and are at both ends of the fallopian tubes. Ovulation happens when a mature ovum releases into the ovaries. Menstruation takes place if conception has not occurred. Menstruation happens when the uterus lining is sloughed off. The menstrual phase is when the menstrual flow is expelled through the cervix and vagina and consists of blood, mucus, and endometrial tissue. The proliferative phase is when the ovarian eggs mature The secretory phase there is continued secretions of LH that cause the cells of the ruptured follice to develop the corpus luteum. Men usually don’t talk much about their health, whether it’s an illness or a sexual problem. Learning to explore yourself and understand your body is important for sexual health. The penis has a lot of nerves, blood vessels, fibrous tissues, spongy tissue, and is sensitive to touch The root of the penis extends internally into the pelvic cavity. The external portion of the penis, including the head is the shaft. The head of the penis is referred to as the glans. The loose skin that covers the head of the penis is called the foreskin. Many men, about 80%, have a circumcision and have the foreskin surgically removed. Does penis size or shape effect sexual performance or satisfaction? How? Men might be self conscious about penis size. Men don’t like to show themselves in front of other men, or in front of female partners. Society makes it out to be that bigger is better. (pornography especially) The scrotum is a loose pouch of skin underneath the penis. When it is cold, or during sexual stimulation the sac moves closer to the body. There are 2 compartments in the scrotum that each hold a single testis. The testicles produce sperm and secrete sex hormones. The testes are usually asymmetrical in men. Sperm production takes place within the seminiferous tubules(thin, coiled structures) Sperm cells mature further for several weeks in the epididymis. Sperm drain from the epididymis into the Vas Deferens. The seminal vesicles are glands next to the Vas Deferens. The seminal Vesicles are important regarding male fertility. The Prostate Gland is the size of a walnut at the base of the bladder. The prostate is continually active in mature males but it is heightened during sexual arousal. Semen ejaculates through the opening of the penis. The amount of seminal fluid ejaculated depends on the time since last ejaculation, duration of arousal, and age. Erection happens when the blood flowing out of the penis cannot keep up with the inflow. Erection remains until the blood flow returns to normal. Ejaculation happens when semen exits the body. There are two phases to ejaculation. The emission phase is when contractions take place. The expulsion phase is when the semen is expelled out of the body, and more contractions occur. It is important to wash your penis at least once a day. If a man is not circumcised, he needs to pull the foreskin back to thoroughly clean it. Men can be diagnosed with penile cancer. It is extremely rare, but very deadly if not caught soon enough. Testicular cancer is more common, especially in men ages 20 to 35. There are several diseases of the prostate. Prostatitis is when the prostate becomes enlarged, usually due to an infection. Benign Prostatic hyperplasia(BPH) is when your prostate increases in size and happens to older men. Prostate cancer is the second most frequently diagnosed cancer, and the second leading cause of cancer death after lung cancer. I need 2 volunteers to be our scribes for the board. I want to compare and contrast male and female anatomy using the compare and contrast circles. Male: Similar: Female: Male: Penis, scrotum, testicles, prostate gland, seminal vesicles, cowper’s glands, ejaculation, circumcision, Similar: perineum, urethra & urethral opening, kegel exercises, urinary tract infections Female: breasts, vagina, clitoris, hymen, fallopian tubes, ovaries, uterus, cervix, menstruation, menopause I need you to get into groups of 4 and complete these worksheets. You need to properly label the male and female anatomy. I will pass out a worksheet to each person. Get into groups of 4 and complete the crossword puzzle. I need a sheet turned in for each student. You will have 2 crossword puzzles. One for female anatomy, and one for male anatomy. Crooks, R., & Baur, K. (2014) Our Sexuality (12th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth "Vulvar Cancer Treatments | Signs and Symptoms Laser Therapy and Surgery Www.gynla.com." Vulvar Cancer Treatments | Signs and Symptoms Laser Therapy and Surgery Www.gynla.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2014. "The Human Reproductive System." The Reproductive System, Fertilisation & Menstrual Cycle. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2014. "Crossword Puzzle Maker." Crossword Puzzle Maker. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.