Word Bank
case study
circadian rhythms
control group
corpus collusum
external locus of control
internal locus of control
longitudinal study
Milgram experiment
Negative Reinforcement
Phineas Gage
Positive Reinforcement
rapid eye movement
Sigmund Freud
stage 1
alzheimer's disease
cloth mother
Cognitive Theory
cross sectional
double blind
Glasgow Coma Scale
Humanistic Theory
independent variable
Philip Zimbardo
reaction formation
Stage 2
Super Ego
wire mother
Breaking Set
cloth mother
corpus collusum
Dependent variable.
Dr. Oliver Sacks
hypnogogic reaction
Munchausen's Syndrome by Proxy
negative reinforcement
Neuropsychological Theory
occipital lobe
Phineas Gage
positive reinforcement
Psychoanalytic Theory
spindle bursts
stage 3
Super Ego
wire mother
1) Variable controlled by researcher. "If people are asked a request by someone in uniform, then they are
more likely to comply." _______________
2) Group actively partipating in experiment_______________ _______________
3) Statement of expected results. Can be proved or disproved through observation, experimentation and
replication. _______________
4) Medicine with no active ingredients. Works by power of suggestion._______________
5) Rewards for good behavior that increase the possibility of it repeating _______________
6) The process of conditioning good behavior to increase by using _______________ can result in
continued good behavior by the removal of a negative consequence.
7) In a 1971 study, college students were paid 15 dollars a day to participate in a study of obedience and
authority by playing roles of prisoner and prison guards. This study was entirely _______________ and
caused no anxiety among subjects.
8) Experiment with neither the subject nor research knows who has the placebo. Removes bias and
expectations that can disrupt results. _______________
9) Guidelines for Psychological experiments - results must outweigh risks, no harm must come to
participants, signed consent, etc. _______________
10) In psychology, we seek to describe, predict, understand and influence _______________ thoughts and
behaviors in order to prevent or stop people from hurting themselves and others.
11) Harry Harlow's famous experiment on rhesus monkeys was designed to test contact
comfort, or "attachment theory" which measured a baby's love for its mother. Infant monkeys in this
experiment routinely chose the _______________ and not the _______________ even though it
provided nutrition.
12) The organization that is in charge of how practitioners should behave when it comes to dealing with
clients...ethics and guidelines for safe treatment. _______________
13) You are _______________ when you are physically aware of your environment. Even when you are
sleeping, you are still in this state.
14) When you are physically unable to respond to your environment, as in a coma or under anesthesia, you
are _______________.
15) There are two categories of sleep. Stages 1-4 which is _______________.
16) _______________ stands for _______________. You are physically paralyzed during this phase of
sleep. Your brain is very active. This is the most refreshing and important part of your sleep cycle. HCG
or human growth hormone is excreted during this phase.
17) When you are in _______________, you are drifting off to sleep and may experience a sensation of
falling. This is known as a _______________
18) This stage of sleep is characterized by an increasingly lower level of alertness. You would most likely
respond to your name if someone called it a few times. Sleep talking occurs most frequently during this
stage. _______________.
19) A neurologist looking at an electroencephalograph or EEG would see these changes in your brain
activity during stage 2 sleep. _______________
20) Most sleep walking occurs in _______________
21) Sleep walking is also known as _______________
22) Your sleep cycles are also known as _______________ and can be affected by long trips through
different time zones. This is known as jet lag.
23) Everyone has their own individual biological clock. Some people are nocturnal (stay up later/wake up
later) and some people are more diurnal (day people/wake earlier/sleep earlier). People who are day
people often benefit from short naps. Someone who is _______________ will likely feel worse with a
short nap and need at least 2 hours of sleep to feel refreshed.
24) Sleep disorders are also known as _______________
25) Excessive daytime sleepiness is called _______________
26) Falling into REM sleep immediately when startled or affected by a strong emotion is known as
27) The results of your experiment are this variable. "If a person wearing a uniform makes a request (IF
being your independent variable), "Then people will more easily comply with his directive." is the
28) In a research study, the group that is chosen to resemble the experimental group in all ways but used for
comparision purposes is the: _______________
29) Parkinson's disease is a disorder of the brain that leads to shaking (tremors) and difficulty with
walking, movement, and coordination. This disorder primarily involves the
destruction of nerve cells by the lack of this brain chemical _______________
30) The brain chemical that give us our sense of well being is: _______________
31) If a neurologist asksyou to draw a clock, he or she is likely testing you for:_______________
32) The separation of nervesor complete removal of the frontal lobe, from the 1930's to late 60's sometimes
done with icepick type instruments is known as a _______________
33) The super highway of nerve fibers that connects the left hemisphere to the right hemisphere of the
brain is called the _______________
34) This is the protective coating, (sheath), that prevents harm to peripheral nerves. In
certain diseases it wears away and we call it "sclerosis". _______________
35) That the root of personality is the prefrontal cortex. This man; _______________ had a complete
personality change due to the accident with a tamping iron which went through his eye and out the back
of his skull damaging the prefrontal lobe.
36) Long term memory is located in this part of the brain: _______________
37) The _______________, located at theback of your head, this lobe actually controls your eyesight
38) Somatoform Disorders are often characterized by _______________ of one disorder to another,
sometimes a psychological problem can cause a physical disorder.
39) _______________ sometimes considered the "healthy defense mechanism" It provides an outlet, but
can also benefit the individual and humanity because people can turn their negative emotions into
healthy activity, actions or creativity.
40) A mother who brings her child to the hospital frequently for injuries and illnesses that often resolve
around medical staff but return once the child returns home may be investigated for _______________
41) The _______________ reflex that babies are born with that is the only human "unlearned fear" also
known as the startle reflex. Absence of this reflex can be a sign of significant neurological deficits
42) The _______________ reflex is normal in babies and children under the age of 3. Testing for this
involves watching the movment of the toes while running the back end of a reflex hammer down the
middle of the foot. The big toe separates and the small toes move in the other direction. You should
never see this in an adult. It can sometimes be an early sign of multiple sclerosis or neurological
43) Surgical separation of nerves or complete removal of the frontal lobe was a procedure used from the
1920's to 1970's on psychiatric patients. It was over-used with unpredictable results. _______________
44) _______________ is characterized by a problem in adaptation to change, and is the major cause of
conflict in our lives. Even positive changes can cause this sense of uneasiness when there are too many
at one time. This type is due to positive change.
45) The _______________ measures the severity of a coma and the likelihood of recovery
46) _______________ is a defense mechanism where you may take out your hostilities on someone or
something other than your actual target of aggression. Often a "safer" target where you have less risk of
47) You are angry at your best friend and it is causing you to feel anxious and distressed. While talking to
them you ask "Why are you so angry at me?” They respond with surprise since they absolutely don't feel
angry. You are exhibiting the defense mechanism known as: _______________
48) Your mother picks up your phone and looks at your text messages. You are so upset by this that you
shout at her to put your phone down. She responds by apologizing and says it is because she thought it
was her phone since you both have the iPhone 5. After thinking about your outburst you can't stop
feeling guilty and decide to clean the kitchen and start dinner to give her a break. This is known as
49) When you absolutely DO NOT remember a traumatic incident. It feels like it was entirely erased from
your memory. This is a defense mechanism known as _______________
50) You choose to deny a memory of an unhappy or traumatic incident. You are aware that this happened,
but choose to not think about it and even sometimes deny that it happened. This defense mechanism is
called _______________
51) This defense mechanism that is characterized by expressing feelings and actions that are actually the
opposite of what you're feeling is called _______________
52) Reverting back to behaviors of a younger age or a time in your life when you felt safer or happier is
known as _______________. This defense mechanism can sometimes be a good coping skill unless the
behavior interferes with your ability to adapt to change.
53) Statement of expected results. Can be proved or disproved through observation and experimentation is
a _______________.
54) Behavior viewed as a reflection of unconscious aggressive and sexual impulses - underlying issues in
our subconscious._______________
55) Theory that relies on biological responses as primary motivator of behavior._______________
56) The theory that believes people are a product of learned responses: _______________
57) Behavior viewed as product of various internal sentences or thoughts. This type of therapy is particularly
useful in dealing with phobias and substance abuse programs._______________
58) Approach to Psychology that seeks to help people rise to their potential. That all people have great
potential and if treated with unconditional regard; will reach this and be psychologically
59) The all important term that defines when behavior is not "normal". Means difficult to change to have a
functioning lifestyle that helps yourself and others._______________
60) The term _______________ is a term analyzing Creative Intelligence.
61) This approach to Psychology looks as all behavior as a product of learned responsees, rewards and
consequences _______________
62) This approach to Psychology looks at all psychological problems as a medical issue, relating to the
brain. _______________ Approach
63) This approach to psychology is often used in group therapy situations that utilize pneumonic devices,
sayings and patterns to change negative thoughts and behaviors. Very common in organizations such
as Alcoholics Anonymous and Weight Watchers. _______________ Approach.
64) This approach to Psychology, utilized by psychologists Abraham Maslow in his Hiearchy of Needs and
Carl Rogers in his Unconditional Positive Regard, believes that all people can reach their full potential if
they are treated equally and fairly. That internal potential was stronger than outside influences.
_______________ Approach
65) The goal of a psychologist is to _______________, predict, understand and _______________
maladaptive behavior.
66) This psychologist is the father of the Psychoanalytic Approach. _______________.
67) The process of rewarding behavior so that it continues. Usually means that you addd a stimulus to
encourage good behavior to continue like a treat if your dog sits on your command. _______________
68) Used to encourage continued good behavior by the removal or subtraction of a desired stimulus. An
example would be the use of sun block to avoid a sun burn or waking up earlier in the morning to
avoidbeing late to school and the consequences that would follow. _______________
69) According to Freud's Psychosexual Theory of Development, you have three aspects of your personality.
Your primitive need for instant gratification is your _______________, your moral code that tells you
when something is wrong is your _______________ and the mediator, or your conscious self that
decides how to get what you want while staying within what you think is right is your _______________
70) The devil on your shoulder is your _______________.
71) The angel on your shoulder is your _______________.
72) You, in the middle of the devil on one shoulder and the angel on the other in weighing a decision, (much
like many Tom and Jerry cartoons!) is your _______________.
73) In a remake of the famous _______________ on obedience to authority, an
increasing series of shocks were given to a subject in a different room if they
were incorrect on an answer to a word association game. Women proved to
actually be more cruel than the men by repeatedly giving shocks over a 100
74) A study that involves ensuring a random sample of the popluation, multiple ages, both genders, etc.
could be called a _______________ study
75) A study that looks at a subject in detail, including a lot of information about the subjects life is a
76) Looking at subjects for an extended period of time, usually from early life onward is called a
77) Known for his Stanford Prison Experiment, _______________ is often used as an expert witness in trials
involving people who committ horrific acts because they claim they were following orders.
78) Harry Harlow's famous experiment on rhesus monkeys was designed to test contact
comfort, or "attachment theory" which measured a baby's love for its mother. Infant monkeys in this
experiment routinely chose the _______________ and not the _______________ even though it
provided nutrition.
79) The super highway of nerve fibers that connects the left hemisphere to the right hemisphere of the
brain is called the _______________
80) That the root of personality is the prefrontal cortex. This man; _______________ had a complete
personality change due to the accident with a tamping iron which went through his eye and out the back
of his skull damaging the prefrontal lobe.
81) When under stress, sometimes it's not what is bothering you, but how much is going on or changing. Our
ability to adapt to change is the determining factor in how well we handle stress.Bad stress is called
_______________ and too much good change is called _______________. How you feel about who
controls your life is called locus of control. If you believe YOU control your destiny you have an
_______________. If you believe others, or luck determines your fate, you have an _______________.
It has been proven that these two combined traits tend to lead to a healthier personality:
82) Known in Latin as "little brain", the _______________ is part of your brain that controls muscle tone and
83) Known for using the new drug L-Dopa in 1969 on Encephalitis Lethargica Patients, he was at first
successful at awakening people who had been in a catatonic state often for more than 40 years.
Other information to know about for Exam:
Dr. Harry Harlow’s Attachment Theory Experiments on Rhesus Monkeys
Dr. James Fallon’s Studies of Pro-Social Psychopaths