Oral Communication Things to remember in order to communicate effectively How to communicate orally? • • • • • • • • • • Structure your presentation Adapt your presentation to your audience Study other speakers to improve Visit the presentation room beforehand Project your voice Speak clearly Be confident Stay on topic Summarize main points at the end Respond effectively to non-verbal cues Structure your Presentation • More fluid for you and audience • Your message is passed more effectively Adapt your presentation for the audience • Knowing your audience is the key element • Make it so they can understand • Captivate your audience Study Other Speaker to Improve • Knowing every element isn’t sufficent • Learn from looking at influential speakers • PRACTICE!! Visit the Presentation Room Beforehand • Get comfortable with the room • Know how to use the equipment • Be aware of the acoustics Project your voice • • • • • • Speak loud Ensure entire audience can hear you Enunciate consonants Use notes to a minimal amount Emphasize points with change of pitch Change rhythm not to sound monotonic Speak Clearly • • • • • • Use a clear tone Stay at a constant pace Use proper/appropriate language Don’t mumble Don’t chew gum Don’t sound memorized Be confident • • • • • Show enthusiasm Eye contact Keep a straight posture Be comfortable with audience Enchant the audience Staying on topic, • Emphasizes what the speaker is communicating • Eases the understanding for the audience • Makes the presentation straightforward At the end of the presentation, • Summarize the key points • Underline your main focus • Clarify any misinterpretations Respond effectively to nonverbal cues • Be aware of non-verbal cues • Gestures can alter communication • Adjust yourself problems with those cues Conclusion • Oral communication reduces misinterpretation • It is an effective communication tool • It also offers immediate feedback • Practice is essential • For more information, visit our links on the Zenome index of sites: http://www.zenome.com/directory/index.php?p arentID=007.064.009&desc=Oral_Communica tion Credits "Afasic - Unlocking Speech and Language." Afasic. 2009. <http://www.afasic.org.uk/index.htm>. Amanda Ruth and Allen Wysocki. "Effective Oral Communications for Sales Presentations." Food and Resource Economics, University of Florida (2002) Electronic Data Information Source. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/SN/SN00600.pdf. Antion, Tom. "Advanced Public Speaking Institute." 2009. <http://www.public-speaking.org/public-speakingarticles.htm>. Atkinson, Max. Max Atkinson's Blog., 2008. Cheesebro, Thomas, Linda O'Connor, and Francisco Rios. Oral Workplace Communication :Job Talk. 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2006. Dlugan, Andrew. Six Minutes., 2009. November 16 2009 <http://sixminutes.dlugan.com/video-critiques/>. Eastern Communication Association, and EBSCO Publishing. "Communication Quarterly." (1976). Gordon, Tim, and Roger Pike. Communication Steroids., 2009. Hake, Kathryn. "Communication Skills." Vocational Information Center. February 18, 2009 2009. <http://www.khake.com/page66.html>. "How does Video Conferencing Work?" 2009. <http://www.tech-faq.com/video-conferencing.shtml>. "Oral Communication." Wikipedia. 2009. 17 Nov 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oral_communication#Oral_Communication>. "Oral Communication." Hamilton College. 2009. <http://www.hamilton.edu/academics/department.html?dept=Oral%20Communication>. Presentation Helper Magazine Forum., 2007. November 16 2009 <http://www.presentationmagazine.com/Forum/>.