Final Exam Study Guide 2015 Unit 1: The Great West and the Gilded Age 1. What is an advantage of a labor union? 2. What is meant by the phrase “The Gilded Age?” 3. What does the phrase “melting pot” mean? 4. What was the life of an immigrant factory worker like in the late 19th century? 5. What were some major technological advances in farming during this time? 6. What were the beliefs of the Populist Party? 7. Explain William Jennings Bryan’s “Cross of Gold Speech” 8. What was the purpose of the reservation system? 9. Which group of people played a major role in building the railroads? 10. Describe how the Homestead Act and Morrill Land-Grant Act impacted western settlement. 11. Which group of people were successful at bringing attention to issues of child labor and tenement housing? 12. Define Ida Tarbell? Whose company did she target? 13. Define Social Gospel. 14. Explain how Upton Sinclair’s “The Jungle impacted the meat packing industry. 15. What was Andrew Jackson’s Spoils System? 16. Define a monopoly. 17. What is the purpose of a trust? 18. Who was Jacob Riis? 19. What did the inventions of Samuel F.B. Morse and Alexander Graham Bell have in common? 20. What was the impact of the transcontinental railroad. Unit 2: Imperialism and Isolationism: American Foreign Policy in the Modern Age 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Define isolationism. Define Palmer Raids Define Espionage and Sedition Acts. Why were civil liberties not promoted during WWI Define Isolationism. Define alliances. Define nationalism Why did the United States get upset at Germany for their use of submarine warfare but not at the British for their blockade in American ports? 9. Why was Hawaii annexed by the United States? 10. What is yellow journalism? What two journalists are most closely associated with this term? 11. Why did American imperialism develop in the United States? 12. Define Social Darwinism. 13. Explain T. Roosevelt’s Big Stick Policy 14. What is the difference between Dollar Diplomacy and Moral Diplomacy? Unit 3: Speakeasies and Hoovervilles: The Roaring 20s to the New Deal 1. What is a flapper? What did it represent? 2. How did the New Deal try to end the Great Depression? 3. What are laissez-faire policies? 4. What lead to the Great Depression? 5. Describe the Fundamentalist movement of the 1920s. 6. What was the Harlem Renaissance Movement? Who were some famous members? 7. The popularity of radio and the introduction of movies contributed to what? 8. Why did public opinion turn against labor unions after WWI? 9. What was the Red Scare? What caused it? 10. What is mass consumerism? Unit 4:From D-Day to Doomsday: World War II and the Start of the Cold War 1. What were the results of the launch of Sputnik? 2. Define the Marshall Plan. 3. Describe the role of African American, Hispanic American, and Asian American soldiers during WWII. 4. What did the Supreme Court rule in Korematsu v. United States? 5. The Neutrality Act and national controversy surrounding Roosevelt’s “Quarantine Speech” are evidence of what? 6. Who established an oppressive form of Communist totalitarianism in the USSR? 7. What countries were part of the Axis Powers during WWII? 8. Define the Lend-Lease Act Unit 5: A Crisis of Authority: Civil Rights, Vietnam, and Watergate 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Define the Bay of Pigs and the results. Identify Betty Frieden What did the Little Rock Nine and James Meredith have in common? Identify the importance of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. What court case made segregation in schools illegal, thus overturning Plessy v. Ferguson? 6. Why did the Unite States enter Vietnam? 7. What do the Tet Offensive, the massacre at Mai lai, and Nixon’s decision to invade Cambodia all have in common? 8. Define the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. Unit 6: New Hopes; New Fears – Reagan Conservatism, Clinton Liberalism, and Foreign Terrorism 1. How are the Oklahoma City bombing of 1995 and the attacks of September 11, 2001 similar? 2. How were Woodrow Wilson and Jimmy Carter’s foreign policies similar? 3. How did the Watergate Scandal and the Iran-Contra Affair affect public opinion of public officials? 4. Define supply-side economics. 5. Describe the similarities between MLK Jr. and Nelson Mandela. 6. Define Title IX. Give an example. 7. What is a major criticism of NAFTA? 8. Define stagflation. 9. What do conservatives think the role of the government should be? 10. What do laws like the Espionage and Sedition Acts and the PATRIOT Act tell us about US citizens? 11. What is the Americans With Disability Act 12. Describe the significance of Bush v. Gore.