Unit 6 _ ppt1 _ Progressivism and Social Reform

The Progressive Era
Today’s LEQ: How were social
reforms brought about during
What Was the Progressive Era?
place between 1890 – 1920
 Problems created during the
Industrial Revolution were
 Progressives believed that political
action and reform were required
for progress in society
 Took
Progressive Goals and Beliefs
Progressivism was
not a single,
unified movement.
Efforts fell into
four categories:
Social Reform
 Involved
the idea that government
should be given expanded powers
to help improve the lives of its
For example, progressives sought to
remedy poor living conditions and
dangerous work environments
The Changing Role of Women
Many women joined the labor force
The number of women working outside of the home
tripled between 1870 and 1900!
New appliances made available through
mass production helped many women find
more time for social causes and charitable
activities outside the home
 Some even had the chance to attend college
Break for Washing Machine Video Clip
The Fight for Women’s Rights
Despite their changing role, women had to fight
for rights already guaranteed to men
For example, the right to own property, ask for a
divorce, or use birth control
Many women did not have the right to vote
 A few western states had granted voting rights to
women, but there was still no women’s
suffrage at the national level
 Women known as suffragists pursued voting
Check for Understanding
 Why
do you think some western states
were the first to grant voting rights to
Creation of the National American
Women Suffrage Association
Women demanded the right to vote as early
as 1848 at the Seneca Falls Convention in
New York
 Leading suffragists joined together to form
the NAWSA with Elizabeth Cady Stanton as
its first president
“The power to make laws was the right through which
all other rights could be secured.” - Elizabeth Cady
This group helped organize the suffrage
movement into a powerful political force at
the state and national levels
The First Victories for Women’s
 By
1898, four western states had
granted women the right to vote. By
1918, women had voting rights in 15
 As a result, they began to influence
The Creation of the National
Women’s Party
 Another
prominent suffragist was Alice
She was forced to resign from NAWSA for
being too radical in her approach
 Paul
organized the NWP which used
strategies such as mass marches and
hunger strikes
Women Gain the Right to Vote
 Although
NAWSA and NWP disagreed
on tactics, both helped women’s
 On August 26, 1920, the 19th
Amendment was passed and allowed
women to vote
for Women’s
Suffrage Article & Questions
Day 2 –
Progressivism & Social Reform
 Today’s
LEQ: How were social reforms
brought about during Progressivism?
Changing Living Conditions
Urban poor were jammed into tenements
& lived in unsanitary conditions.
Progressives took on the challenge of
making cities cleaner & more livable.
NY passed the Tenement House Act of
1901 – required each new tenement to be
built with a courtyard & to have a
bathroom in each apartment.
NY created the Dept. of Street Cleaning –
garbage collection & street sweeping.
Improving Working Conditions
 Progressives
had mixed success in
helping adult workers.
 Reforms needed…
Fewer Hours
Higher Wages
Safer Factories
Right to Unionize
Workers’ Compensation
Ending Child Labor
National Child Labor
Committee –
convinced states to
pass child labor laws
that prohibited
children under 14
from working. Also,
limited the number of
hours that older
children could work.
Medicines at the Turn-of-theCentury…
 did
not require a prescription.
 made exaggerated claims.
 were used for a variety of ailments.
 contained dangerous ingredients.
Cocaine was a common ingredient – even in
children's medication.
Protecting Consumers
Inspection Act – required the Dept.
of Agriculture to inspect meat.
 Pure Food & Drug Act – created the
Food & Drug Administration (FDA), to test
& approve drugs before they went on the
 Meat
Environmental Destruction
 Industry
& urban growth had polluted the
air, water, and devastated the landscape.
Protecting the Environment
 Some
progressives supported…
 Preservation – the protection of
wilderness lands from all forms of
Sierra Club, 1892, founded by John Muir
 Conservation
– the limited use of
“We are prone to think of the resources of this
country as inexhaustible. This is not so.”
Teddy Roosevelt
Protecting the Environment
Forest Service – protect forests &
other natural areas from excessive
 National Wildlife Refuge System
 National Park Service
 US
1st National Park, Yellowstone,
Day 3 –
African Americans Struggle for
Today’s LEQ: How were social
reforms brought about during
Let’s Review for a Moment!
 Reconstruction
13th abolished slavery
14th gave citizenship to all born in US
15th gave all men the right to vote
 Black
Instituted across the South to deny blacks
their rights; eventually outlawed.
 Jim
Created in response to Black Codes being
African Americans in the Early 1900s
 4/5ths
lived in the South
 Most struggled to make a living as farmers
 Subjected to strict segregation
 Disenfranchised via poll taxes, literacy
tests, understanding clause, grandfather
“Poll Taxes, Literacy Tests, & Other Measures” Secondary Reading
Roots the Next Generation Video Clip
Think, Pair, Share
what ways were
blacks disenfranchised?
Inspired by Progressive Ideals
 Many
African Americans were inspired by
progressives and worked to improve their
 Two Leaders who Promoted
Booker T. Washington
W.E.B. DuBois
Booker T. Washington
 Founded
the Tuskegee Institute, a
vocational college for African Americans in
 Encouraged blacks to gain respect and
status by working their way up in society.
 P.
228, History Alive
 Venn Diagram
W.E.B. DuBois
 Founding
member of the NAACP.
 Scholar and Activist
 P.
229, History Alive
 Venn Diagram
Think, Pair, Share
 Which
leader’s methods do you agree with
most and why?
 National
Association for the Advancement
of Colored People, 1909
 Fought through the courts to end
 Tried to ensure that African American men
could exercise voting rights under the 15th
 Protested lynching and other racial
mob killing of someone, usually by
hanging, for an alleged offense with or
without a legal trial.
 3,745
lynchings between 1889 and 1932
Most in the South
Black men were usual the victims
• Presumed threat posed to white women
Community participation
• Few denunciations from white leaders
Women also lynched, but less common.
 Lynching
Secondary Reading & Questions