Origins of Progressivism What were the goals of Progressivism? The Progressive Movement • 1890s: Americans looking for change • “Muckrakers” (Journalists) questioned the domination of corporations Four Goals of Progressivism - #1Promoting Social Welfare 1. Social Gospel Movement & Settlement Houses help the poor 2. YMCA: opened libraries, sponsored education 3. Salvation Army: fed the poor in soup kitchens, cared for children 4. Florence Kelly becomes a well known advocate to push govt to change things, improve labor condition, stop child labor Goal #2 Promoting Moral Improvement • Prohibition Movement says “Alcohol is undermining American Morals!” • Women’s Christian Temperance Union used peaceful & violent means to end alcohol use • Anti-Saloon League began endorsing politicians who favored prohibition of alcohol Carry Nation Goal #3 Creating Economic Reform 1. 2. • • Muckrakers: exposed business corruption, esp. Captains of Industry (Robber Barons) American Socialist Party forms (1901) Formed by labor leader Eugene V. Debs Argued that big business is favored by government and hurts the workers! Goal #4 Businesses Become Efficient 1. Use science & economics to make business run more efficiently 2. Focus on workweek/hours 3. Increase productivity: Henry Ford introduces the automobile assembly line Reforming Government 1. City government – use a manager to run day to day city operations 2. Elect reform Mayors – those w/ progressive ideas 3. Elect reform Governors – Robert La Follette of Wisconsin & James Hogg of Texas go after big businesses (regulation) 4. Protect Children – new laws limiting child labor 5. Working Hours – Supreme court sides with workers, limits the work day to 10 hours 6. Reform elections • A) Ballot initiative & referendum – allow voters to place bills on the ballot to be voted on • B) Recall – give voters ability to remove bad leaders • C) 17th Amendment Direct election of Senators (takes vote away from State Legislature and gives it to the people) Women’s Rights • Only one in five women had a job in the 1890s • Typical female jobs: 1. Office worker – filing, secretarial 2. Nurse 3. School teacher (K-8) 4. Telephone Operator 5. Maid, cook, seamstress (esp. African Americans) • Women want suffrage (right to vote) Plan for Women’s Suffrage •Convince individual states to allow women to vote -Already in Wyoming, Utah, Colorado & Idaho •Challenge laws in court -14th Amend says citizens have equal rights -15th Amend says all citizens can vote -Aren’t women citizens? •Push for a Constitutional Amendment •Two of the leading suffragettes are Elizabeth Cady Stanton (Seneca Falls Convention) & Susan B. Anthony http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PXNQPb6bzT4&feature=related 1. What did Stanton write at the Seneca Falls convention? 2. What did she found in 1888? 3. How was she honored by the US? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CtDPZudU0ek 1. How did Anthony feel about slavery? 2. What did she fight for after 1851? 3. How was she honored by the US?