The Suffrage Movement

The Suffrage Movement
1. Main Idea: Many Progressives joined the
Suffrage Movement to gain women the right
to vote in national elections.
2. Suffrage: the right to vote
3. Strategies for suffrage:
1. National Women’s Suffrage Assoc. wanted to
focus on a Constitutional amendment
2. American Women’s Suffrage Assoc. wanted to
work to convince stage governments to pass
suffrage laws
The Suffrage Movement
4. Reasons for the right to vote:
1. Middle-class women felt they needed the
right to vote to promote the social reforms
they favored.
2. Working-class women felt they needed
the right to vote to ensure the passage of
labor laws protecting workers.
The Suffrage Movement
5. The 19th amendment was ratified August
26, 1920.
6. Susan B. Anthony’s greatest contributions:
1. Co-founder of the National Woman Suffrage
2. Illegally voted in the Presidential election of
3. Founder of the International Council of
Social Welfare Progressivism
1. Main Idea: Many Progressives
focused on social welfare problems,
such as child labor, public health, and
2. Social issues focused on by social
welfare progressives included: crime,
illiteracy, alcohol abuse, child labor &
the health and safety of Americans.
Social Welfare Progressivism
3. In 1900 there were 1.7 million children
under 16 working outside the home.
4. The goal of the National Child Labor
Committee was to abolish child labor.
5. State laws passed the following laws to
protect child workers:
1. Minimum age for employment
2. Maximum hours children could work
3. Compulsory (mandatory) education
Social Welfare Progressivism
6. Health and safety codes passed at this time
1. Strict building codes dealing with fire hazards,
unsafe machinery and working conditions
2. Workers’ compensation laws
3. Zoning laws to protect public
4. Building codes with standards for light, air, room
size, sanitation and fire escapes
5. Health codes required restaurants and other
facilities to maintain clean environments
Social Welfare Progressivism
7. Progressives believed alcohol was
responsible for many problems in
American life.
8. Temperance: the moderation or
elimination of the use of alcohol
9. Prohibition: laws banning the
manufacturing, sale and consumption
of alcohol.
Progressives Versus Big
1. Main Idea: Another form of Progressivism
focused on federal regulation of big
2. Two regulation ideas of the Progressives
1. Gov’t should break up the companies in order to
restore competition
2. Creation of gov’t agencies to regulate big
3. Socialism: government should own and
operate industry for the community as a
Muckrakers Activity
• Political Cartoon
• Upton Sinclair excerpts and assignment
Excerpts from The Jungle
by Upton Sinclair
• You will be reading critically and looking for textual
evidence to support each answer
• Textual evidence is words or phrases from the
reading that back up your answer to the question
• WHY did you answer the question the way you did?
• WHAT clues did you get from the text?
• You will complete the assignment on your own
• Follow the directions on the assignment
• Set the assignment up in the same format as the
assignment sheet
• One excerpt is from the handout and one excerpt is
from the text book.
• 1a. Jurgis believes it is his duty to
provide for his family
• 1b. “As poor as they were, would he
dare to refuse any sort of work that was
offered him?...He was a man and he
would do his duty;”