NAME__________________________________ BIOLOGY 2401 DATE___________________________________ THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS FALL 2010 FORM A 1. Match the correct answer with the appropriate description or function. Some answers may be used more than once. a. seminal vesicles b. greater vestibular gland c. prostate gland d. vagina e. uterine tubes f. myometrium g. ductus deferens h. dartos i. bulbourethral glands j. round ligament k. clitoris l. fimbriae m. epididymis n. mons pubis o. cremaster muscle p. ovary q. testes r. uterosacral ligament s. ampulla t. fundus u. endometrium v. corpus cavernosa w. vestibular bulbs x. cervix y. infundibulum z. pampiniform plexus _____ This gland in men produces an alkaline mucus, fructose, and a coagulating protein as part of semen. _____, _____ These ligaments hold the uterus in a proper position in the pelvic cavity. _____ These carry the ovulated egg from the ovary to the uterus. _____ These glands produce an alkaline mucus that coats the male urethra prior to ejaculation. _____ This is the fat pad that covers the pubic symphysis in females. _____ This duct carries sperm from the epidydidymis to the prostate gland. _____ This structure in females is homologous to the male penis. _____ This is the inner lining of the uterus. _____ , _____ These muscles raise the testes towards the body. _____ These structures engorge with blood and apply pressure to the penis during copulation. _____ These are erectile tissues in the penis. _____, _____ These are the primary sex organs in men and women. _____ This structure in women produces most of the lubrication for intercourse. _____ This is the narrow portion of the uterus. _____ These are the structures cut during a vasectomy. _____ This is the name for a widening of a tube. _____ This series of veins forms a countercurrent system to help cool the testes. 2. Match the correct answer with the appropriate description or function. Some answers may be used more than once. a. gap junctions b. spermatozoa c. spermiogenesis d. sustentacular cells e. corpus luteum f. tight junctions g. stratum basalis h. stratum functionalis i. estrogen j. inhibin k. luteinizing hormone l. follicle stimulating hormone m. progesterone n. diploid o. menstruation p. ovulation q. haploid r. prophase II s. anaphase II t. metaphase II u. corpus albicans v. spermatid w. secondary follicle x. primary spermatocyte y. mature follicle _____ This is the term that describes the release of the egg into the uterine tube. _____ This is the process that turns spermatids into spermatozoa. _____ This process occurs during the first five days of the menstrual cycle and involves shedding of the uterine lining. _____ This hormone stimulates ovulation at day 14 of the ovarian cycle. _____ This hormone stimulates spermatogenesis. _____ Synapsis and crossing over occur during this phase of meiosis. _____ This hormone stimulates follicle development at the start of the ovarian cycle. _____ This hormone stimulates the interstitial cells to produce testosterone. _____,_____ Decreases in the blood levels of these hormones stimulate the spiral arteries to constrict and bring about menstruation. _____ These cells form the blood-testis barrier. _____ This hormone reduces the production of follicle stimulating hormone. _____, _____ These hormones stimulate the uterine lining to develop after menstruation. _____ This structure functions as an endocrine gland to produce estrogen and progesterone. _____ This is the endometrial layer shed during menstruation. _____ This is the phase of meiosis when the reduction division takes place. _____ These are the junctions between adjacent sustentacular cells. _____ This is the term for half the normal chromosomal number. _____ This is the follicle that ovulates.