Endocrine System Review Packet

Name: _____________________________ Block: ________ Date: ___________________
Endocrine System Review Packet
Label the endocrine glands.
1. ____________________________________
6. ____________________________________
2. ____________________________________
7. ____________________________________
3. ____________________________________
8. ____________________________________
4. ____________________________________
9. ____________________________________
5. ____________________________________
Endocrine Organs and Their Hormones
Directions: Indicate the major organ or organ part producing and/or releasing each of
the hormones by writing it next to the hormone listed.
Endocrine Organs/Organs:
Adrenal cortex
Posterior pituitary
Adrenal medulla
Anterior pituitary
Small intestine
_______________________ 1. ACTH
_______________________ 13. TSH
_______________________ 2. ADH
_______________________ 14. Progesterone
_______________________ 3. Oxytocin
_______________________ 15. Insulin
_______________________ 4. Cortisone
_______________________ 16. Secretin
_______________________ 5. Estrogen
_______________________ 17. Thymosin
_______________________ 6. FSH
_______________________ 18. Prolactin
_______________________ 7. Glucagon
_______________________ 19. Testosterone
_______________________ 8. Epinephrine
_______________________ 20. Melatonin
_______________________ 9. Calcitonin
_______________________ 21. Thyroxine
_______________________ 10. PTH
_______________________ 22. Gastrin
_______________________ 11. Growth
_______________________ 23. Aldosterone
_______________________ 12. Atrial
_______________________ 24. Leutinizing
Hormones and Their Effects
Directions: On the line provided, write the name of the hormone that matches the function.
1. Basal metabolic hormone
2. Necessary for the development of T-lymphocytes
3. Maintains blood calcium levels; released when blood
calcium levels drop
4. Protects the body during long-term stressful situations
5. Stimulates the production and maturation of gametes
6. Enables glucose to be taken up by body cells
7. Initiates the maturation of the male reproductive organs
8. Released by the posterior pituitary to regulate water
9. Responsible for the development of a female’s secondary
sex characteristics
______________________ 10. Triggers ovulation in females and the release of other female
sex hormones
______________________ 11. Vital in maintaining blood sodium levels
______________________ 12. Stimulates production of milk in breast; secretion increased
by nursing
______________________ 13. Helps regulate the sleep-wake cycle
______________________ 14. Stimulates mitosis of bone and muscle cells
______________________ 15. Causes uterine contractions; secretion regulated through
positive feedback
______________________ 16. Stimulates calcium being deposited into bone; important for
skeletal growth in childhood
17. The antagonist of insulin; raises blood glucose levels
______________________ 18. Main hormone that aids in the “fight or flight” response
Label the diagram below with the following terms:
capillary, hormone (x3), non-target cell, receptor (x2), secreting cell, target cell
Case Studies
Kelly is exhibiting neuromuscular irritability, tetany (tingling noted around the mouth and in her feet),
dry skin and fingernails, more prone to cavities (you suspect weak tooth enamel). Her blood work is
normal, except hypocalcemia is noted. She is treated with supplemental calcium and vitamin D.
Hormone/Gland Problem:
Autumn, age 30, has had noticeable weight gain resulting in purple striae (stretch marks) along the
abdomen. She has increased deposits of adipose tissue in the face (moon face), the shoulders
(hump), neck and trunk. She states that when she cuts herself, it takes “forever” to heal. She
complains of an irregular heartbeat as well. A physical exam indicates hypertension. Her blood work
reveals hypernatremia, hypokalemia, and hyperglycemia. A urine test reveals glucosuria.
Hormone/Gland Problem:
Timothy, 6 months old, is brought to the doctor. The parents, who were thrilled with their “good baby”
are now concerned something is wrong. The child’s tongue protrudes from his mouth and jaundice is
present. The child is generally inactive and sleeps excessively. The child’s skin is cold to the touch.
Hormone/Gland Problem:
Jerome, age 17, is complaining of frequent urination, fatigue, dry mouth, dizziness, polydipsia
(extreme thirst), and a craving for cold water. He is hospitalized to record his fluid intake and output
to obtain lab values. In a 24-hour period, he voided 7 liters of dilute urine and drank 8.5 liters of fluid.
His blood pressure was an average of 72/36.
Hormone/Gland Problem: