#4 I. 5-10-12 Brenna Flores Social Studies MLA Outline Chapter 3-4 I. The First English Colony A. How was the First English Colony created? 1. The English watched with envy as Spain as Spain gained riches from its American colonies. 2. Sir Walter Raleigh raised money to outfit a colony in North America. 3. Sir Walter Raleigh sent John White back to Roanoke with a new group of settlers, including women and children. 4. After three years John White sailed back to Roanoke, when he arrived, he found that the settlement was quiet. On a tree there was the word carved CROATON, the name of a nearby island. The disappearance of the colony remains a mystery still today. II. Challenge and Survival in Jamestown A. What did the royal charter help with? 1. The charter is a legal document giving certain rights to a person or company. 2. The royal charter gave the Virginia Company the right to settle lands between present-day North Carolina and the Potomac River. 3. The charter guaranteed that colonists of this land, called Virginia, would have the same rights as English Citizens. B. What happened in 1607? 1. In 1607 a group of colonists sailed in Chesapeake Bay and began building homes along the James River. They named their tiny out post Jamestown after their king. 2. The colonists discovered that Jamestown was located in a swampy area. 3. By the summer of 1608, the colony was near failure. C. Who was Captain John Smith? 1. Captain John Smith was a young soldier who helped save the colony. 2. He set up stern rules that forced colonists to work if they wished to eat. 3. In 1609 when John Smith returned to England. The colony went downhill. They would burn down houses to keep them warm. D. What was the profitable crop? 1. In 1612 colonists began growing tobacco. 2. King James called it a “vile custom.” Everybody wanted tobacco. 3. By 1620, England was importing more than 30,000 pounds of tobacco a year. III. Representative Government A. What did they House of Burgesses make? 1. The House of Burgesses made laws for the colony. 2. The House of Burgesses marked the beginning of representative government in the English colonies. 3. Representative Government is voters who elect representatives to make laws for them. B. What was the Magna Carter? IV. 1. The Magna Carter was a document that said that the king could not raise taxes without first consulting a Great Council of nobles and church leaders. 2. The Great Council grew into a representative assembly, called Parliament. 3. Parliament was divided into the House of Lords, made up of nobles, and an elected House of Commons. New Arrivals A. How was the women an impact on the Jamestown colony? 1. In 1608 the colonies first arrival of women came. 2. The Virginia Colony charged each man who found a wife 150 pounds of tobacco to get married. 3. The women had o make everything from food, clothing, even medicine. 4. By 1624, there were still fewer than 300 women in the Jamestown colony. B. How did the Africans help the colony? 1. Some Africans slaved for life. 2. Some worked as servants and expected one day to own their farms.