Greek Gods an Myths Zeus • King of all the gods • Had more powers than anyone • Could throw his voice, shape shift, and throw lightning bolts • He had a quick temper, a big sense of humor, and he was not afraid of anything except his wife, Hera. Hera • Queen of all the gods, also the goddess of marriage • She was often jealous of her husband, Zeus • There are many myths about Hera's jealously, anger, and revenge. • Had a servant with 100 eyes named Argus Poseidon • Lord of the Sea • He was very powerful and moody, so the Greeks were afraid of him • All Greeks built a temple to honor him • Had a palace at the bottom of the sea Hades • Ruler of the Underworld • Had a home on Mount Olympus, but he preferred the Underworld • He had an invisible helmet, a golden chariot, and his threeheaded dog, Cerberus Ares • God of War • He was tall and handsome, mean and self-centered • His sidekick was the spirit of disagreement, Eris • They also carried the spirits of Pain, Panic, Famine, and Oblivion • Sought bloodshed and trouble Hermes • Zeus’ youngest son, made the messenger to the gods • He was mischievous, fast on his feet, and very clever • He always made deals to get himself and others out of trouble Apollo • God of music • Apollo and his sister Artemis were twins. • Children of Zeus and Leto • Apollo was very protective of his mother Artemis • Goddess of the hunt and the moon • Usually cold and pitiless • She swore never to marry and resented people who intruded on her privacy, especially men Athena • Goddess of wisdom • She became the guardian of the city-state of Athens after she won a contest with Poseidon • Poseidon created a stream of salt-water, but she created the olive tree Hestia • Goddess of hearth and home • Deeply honored by Greek women • They knew that Hestia was keeping watch over them as they did their chores Demeter • Zeus’ sister who was in charge of the harvest • If she was upset, the crops would die • Everyone worked to keep her happy (the company of her daughter Persephone made her happy) Aphrodite • Goddess of love and beauty • No one knows where to place her in the Greek family tree • Many legends are written about her beauty, and she was very vain • Some believe that the Trojan War began because she was offended Hephaestus • God of fire and forge • He was the only Olympian who limped • He was married to Aphrodite • He made many things, including Mount Olympus and the first woman, Pandora Heracles • Known for his incredible strength • Half god/ half mortal • Completed many tasks and had several journeys attempting to gain his place amongst the gods Eros • God of love • Shot his arrows into mortals and deities to make them fall in love • Was not happy until he found love for himself Dionysus • God of grape harvest, winemaking, and wine • He was very good at shape shifting • After he was kidnapped by pirates and escaped, he married Princess Ariadne Orpheus • Talented musician • He played the lyre which allowed him to cast spells and tame savage beasts • Lost his wife to Hades Echo • Wood nymph who had a beautiful voice and possessed a good and loving heart • She swore off all suitors • 3 myths: 1. Echo and Hera 2. Echo and Narcissus 3. Echo and Pan Pan • Watched over shepherds and huntsmen •He had two horns coming out of his forehead and the legs of a goat. He also had a crooked nose and pointed ears. • Loved music, dancing, and singing Pandora • Daughter of Zeus • Sent to marry Epimetheus, a gentle but lonely man • Opened the Pandora Box, which held things like envy, hate, crime, disease, and hope Pegasus • Known as “The Flying Horse • Son of Poseidon and Medusa •He was wonderful and warm •Many tried to kidnap him, but the gods always helped him out • Zeus rode him in the stars How many gods and goddesses can you remember?