Chapter 10 Study Guide

Name: ________________________________
* Be sure to abide by the guidelines outlined on the Chapter 1 Study Guide.
Motivation →know the fundamentals of and differences between the following concepts and theories related
to motivation:
 Drive reduction theory (basic idea, homeostasis, strengths, weaknesses)
 Incentive theory (basic idea, pull vs. push of drive theories)
 Intrinsic vs. extrinsic motivation * this won’t be on the unit test, leave blank for now, we will cover it
Motivation Systems (eating, sex, social) →understand the key concepts behind each of the following topics,
including the contributions of relevant individuals:
 Difference between biological and social motives
 Cannon and Washburn’s classic study
 Hypothalamus and eating (arcuate nucleus)
 Glucose/digestion
 Hormones and hunger (insulin, ghrelin, CCK, leptin)
 Hunger and the environment (incentive value of food/related cues, learned preferences/habits)
 Set point/settling point theory
 Masters and Johnson contribution to sex research
 Parental investment theory
 Alfred Kinsey (sexual orientation)
 Achievement motive vs. affiliation motive
 Projective tests (TAT)
Emotion → describe the main ideas associated with each of the following topics related to emotion:
 Cognition and emotions (evaluative appraisal, subjectivity)
 Physiology and emotions (autonomic arousal/hormones, thalamus/amygdala/cortex relationship,
prefrontal cortex, mesolimbic dopamine pathway, mirror neurons)
 Behavior and emotions ( facial feedback hypothesis, facial expressions and biology, cross-cultural
similarities, cross-cultural differences (display rules))
 James-Lange theory
 Cannon-Bard theory
 Schachter’s two-factor theory