Metaphor: A figure of speech stating two thing are similar. Simile: A comparison using “like” or “as”. Hyperbole: An extravagant exaggeration. Personification: Giving human qualities to ideas and things Fantasy: Something imagined Prologue: An introduction to a book or play Epilogue: A final section that brings to an end or summarizes Characterization: Process of creating a character, including words, actions, thought, appearance, other people thoughts and perception about the character. 1.
How a character acts 2.
How a character looks 3.
How other characters in story react to this character. Static character: character that changes very little from the beginning to the end Dynamic character: character that goes through a significant amount of changes fro the beginning to the end. Flashback: The introduction of a past event into a story or motion Foreshadowing: To give a hint of what is to come
Point of View: A way of looking at something 1 2 3 st nd rd Person- Where character narrates the story with I-Me-My Mine- etc. Person – In which author uses you, your. Rare that the narrator speak directly to audience - Is that of an outsider looking in at the action: Omniscient- thoughts of all characters are open to reader, Limited- thought of only one character’s mind. Symbol: Person, place or object that stands for something beyond itself Symbolism: Allows people to communicate beyond limits of language. Theme: A subject for a work of literature. The way an author connects reader to life lessons or experiences. Conflict: An extended struggle, problem. 1.
Internal- with inner forces, within self 2.
External- with outside forces