Review Questions

Review Questions
Multiple Choice Practice
The transaction demand for money is very
closely associated with money’s use as a
(A) store of value
(B) standard unit of account
(C) measure of value
(D) medium of exchange
(E) standard of deferred payment
The amount of money that the public wants to
hold in the form of cash will
(A) be unaffected by any change in interest rates or
the price level
(B) increase if interest rates increase
(C) decrease if interest rates increase
(D) increase if the price level decreases
(E) decrease if the price level remains constant
Which of the following will lead to a decrease in
a nation’s money supply?
(A) A decrease in income tax rates
(B) A decrease in the discount rate
(C) An open market purchase of government
securities by the central bank
(D) An increase in reserve requirements
(E) An increase in government expenditures on
goods and services
An increase in the government budget deficit is
most likely to result in an increase in which of
the following?
(A) The marginal propensity to consume
(B) Exports
(C) The real interest rate
(D) The money supply
(E) The simple multiplier
A commercial bank’s ability to create money
depends on which of the following?
(A) The existence of a central bank
(B) A fractional reserve banking system
(C) Gold or silver reserves backing up the currency
(D) A large national debt
(E) The existence of both checking accounts and
savings accounts
Assume that the required reserve ratio is 10 percent, banks keep
no excess reserves, and borrowers deposit all loans made by
banks. Suppose you have saved $100 in cash at home and decide
to deposit it in your checking account. As a result of your
deposit, the money supply can increase by a maximum of
(A) $800
(B) $900
(C) $1,000
(D) $1,100
In the narrowest definition of money, M1,
savings accounts are excluded because they are
(A) not a medium of exchange
(B) not insured by federal deposit insurance
(C) available from financial institutions other than
(D) a store of purchasing power
(E) interest-paying accounts
With a constant money supply, if the demand
for money decreases, the equilibrium interest
rate and quantity of money will change in which
of the following ways?
Interest Rate
Quantity of Money
(A) Increase
(B) Increase
Not change
(C) Decrease
(D) Decrease
(E) Decrease
Not change
Which of the following is most likely to occur if
the Federal Reserve engages in open market
operations to reduce inflation?
(A) A decrease in interest rates
(B) A decrease in reserves in the banking
(C) A decrease in the government deficit
(D) An increase in the money supply
(E) An increase in exports