National 5 AVU – Displaying information, research

National 5 AVU
Learning Intentions:
To gain knowledge on how to present
information, form a conclusion and
make a research sheet.
• Draft N4 due end of January (26th) – we will use
this for you to get feedback on your AVU so that
you can make improvements and will also help
you with preparation for N5 assignment.
• Final N4 due February (24th)
• Final write up for N5 in March under exam
conditions. Use your checklist sheet to make sure
you have done everything you need to have
completed by the end of February in time for
submitting your N4. This will give us time to make
changes or improvements if necessary.
Presenting your information
• You should display the results from your
survey in the form of a graph or pie chart
• You can put this into the report itself for N4
and on your research sheet for N5.
• You can use, excel or survey
monkey to create these – avoid a tally chart –
it is easier for you to interpret data from a
graph or pie chart.
Research Sheet
• Two sides of A4 – minimal information on this,
just an aid to remind you what to do.
• Remember, you get 0 marks for directly copying –
you must do something with the information. E.g.
a chart showing that 23 out of 30 people strongly
agreed with the statement that poverty is the
main cause of crime – you shouldn’t copy this but
use a term such as almost all, most, the majority,
of survey respondents agreed that poverty is the
main cause of crime.
Evaluation of research - reminder
• You must refer directly to what you are evaluating.
• You must have at least two positives and two negatives
about each method.
• You must also have at least one improvement you would
make in future for each method.
• This is worth 10 marks and must be specific. E.g. An
advantage of using a survey was that it was very efficient
since I did it online using survey monkey. It did not take me
long to carry out and I received a lot of responses very
quickly. NOT surveys are good because they are not time
consuming – too vague.
• State where you did your survey and how many responses
you got.
• Your green sheet will help – see me if unsure.
• Show examples of research sheets
• Worth 4 marks in N5
• You must demonstrate the skills of making
decisions, explaining exaggeration or SUOF, or
reaching conclusions based upon evidence
Writing a Conclusion
• You need to make an extended overall judgement of
what you have learned from your research findings.
• This should not just be a summary of your research
findings (though you may wish to include this) – you
must give a sense of completeness to your research.
• Try giving perspective to the future or try one final
challenge to the key points you have made.
• You also need to make it clear if you proved or
disproved your hypothesis. You should make reference
to any other arguments you found.
• You need to state which piece of evidence helped you
to come to your conclusion.
Guidance on conclusions
• If you have chosen an issue where there is a
difference of opinion, you can say which opinion
you agree most strongly with and explain why.
• If you have chosen an issue where a decision has
to be made, you can say which decision you
would make but you must justify this.
• You can select one of your research methods and
say which is the most trustworthy and explain
• You must back up your conclusions with evidence
For four marks, try this
• Make it clear whether you have proved or
disproved your hypothesis
• You should make reference to any other
arguments you found
• What is your overall opinion despite the
research and say why
• Give one final challenge to the points you
have made
• Give perspective to the future
Example conclusion
• In my opinion, based on my research findings, I support
the lowering of the voting age to 16. My research has
proved that some teenagers are more engaged than
adults in politics and are therefore capable of making an
informed decision (you should make reference to where
in your research you have proved/disproved your
hypothesis). If you can have a family or fight for your
country then you should be able to vote for how you
would like the country to be run. Young people in
general take an active interest in politics, with 75% of 16
and 17 year olds turning out to vote in the 2014
referendum as shown in …… (quoting from research). We
are the future and deserve to have a say and be
respected. This view is reflected in my survey.
To pass N4, you must:
SQA indicator
What it means
1.1 Choose an appropriate topic or
issue for study
Use your hypothesis
1.2 Collect relevant evidence from at
least 2 sources of different types
Must have 2 different sources
1.3 Organise and use the information
collected to address the topic or issue
Select relevant information from a larger
source and present it in a logical order.
1.4 Use K and U to describe and
explain the features of your topic
Give factual information e.g. descriptions,
explanations and relevant examples
1.5 Apply the skills of either detecting
bias and exaggeration or making
decisions or drawing conclusions
Draw a conclusion and give supporting
evidence. Give your overall opinion and try to
say whether or not you agree with your
Draft N4
• Due in Tuesday 26th January
• You must lay this out in a report style with the
following headings:
– Research topic/issue - why you chose it and your
hypothesis and aims
– Research methods – what you did and evaluate them
– Research findings – the information that you found out
– A conclusion
– A bibliography – a list of sources you have used
On a separate piece of paper (not part of your N4!) I also
want you to hand in a draft research sheet for N5.