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Biology 11 Name:________________________ Period:__________ Date:_________

“Seedless Vascular Plants”

Objectives:

By the end of the lesson you should be able to:

Review different types of seedless vascular plants

Explain why we believe land plants developed from algae

Describe the lifecycle of a bryophyte

Provide examples of bryophytes

Divisions:

______________ – Whisk ferns

______________ – Club mosses

______________ – horsetails

______________– ferns

Characteristics:

Have specialized transport or ___________________ (__________ & _________) to carry food & water

Have sporophyte & gametophyte stages (________________________________________)

___________________________________

Reproduce by _____________

Division – Psilophyta (Whisk Ferns):

Have a _______________________________________

Looks like a small, ____________________ bush

Biology 11

Name:________________________ Period:__________ Date:_________

_____________________________________________________________

Only __________________________________

Have _______________ structures called ___________________to anchor (can’t absorb water)

May ________________________________________

____________________________________ made in _________________ (spore cases on the stems)

Division – Lycophyta (Club Moss):

Commonly called ____________________

____________, _______________ branches above, but

________________________________

Have deep growing root like ____________________

Live in ________________________ and clearings

____________________ with _______________________________

_________________ (spore cases) are found in the axils of leaves

Form cone shaped structures called ______________

May be _____________________(make one type of spore) or _____________________ (make 2 types of spores)

Club Moss Spores:

Genus ___________________ is ___________________

Contain _______________________________________________ quickly

_____________________________________ used in fireworks and

_____________________

Burning Lycopodium powder

Biology 11

Club Moss Sporophylls:

Name:________________________ Period:__________ Date:_________

Other Uses for Club Moss:

Sometimes boiled in water to produce a ___________________ or an ______________

______________________, green all winter, are used in _________________________

________________________________ helped form ________during the carboniferous period

Division – Sphenophyta (Horsetails):

Only one living (extant) species -

________________

Also called ________________________

Hollow, jointed Stems contain ________ & were

___________________________________

_______________________________

Underground __________________

Reproduce by spores at the tips of branches

In prehistoric times, grew as __________________

Found in _______________

Stems with ________________ to _________________

Some spores have _________________, cells that act as _________________________________, assisting __________________________

Biology 11

Uses for Horsetail:

Name:________________________

Use to _________________________

Period:__________ Date:_________

Used in some mouthwashes to ________________________________

Used as __________________ to eliminate excess water (weight loss products)

______________________ (sheep, cattle, horses)

Division Pterophyta (Ferns):

__________________________ of extant (living) vascular plants

_______________________________ (terrestrial, aquatic, arboreal tree ferns, epiphytic)

Can asexually reproduce by ________________

(____________________________)

_______________________________ stage has ______________________

______________________

______________________________________

______________called fronds found ______________________ and attached to a ________________

________________

The prothallus starts the __________________________

Biology 11 Name:________________________ Period:__________ Date:_________

Gametophyte is ______________________________________________________________

Male antheridia & female__________________________ grow on gametophyte

___________________________ to fertilize

Parts of the Fern Sporophyte:

The Antheridium:

Uses for Ferns:

Help prevent erosion

______________________ are eaten as __________

___________________________for yards and homes

Helped form _____________________ millions of years ago

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