Elements of a Short Story Review

Trivia of what you know!
The struggle between
the main character
(protagonist) and an
opposing force
Human vs.
Human vs.
Human vs.
Human vs.
Human vs.
Human vs.
1. Human vs. Human
• A character struggles with another
Jackson and Andre are both
interviewing for the same job
1. Human vs. Nature
• A character must overcome some
natural obstacle or condition
A ship is at sea when a tornado hits
and the crew struggles to reach land
1. Human vs. Self
• A character develops an internal
struggle between his/her thoughts
and ideas
Jasmine finds $700.00 on the floor
of the bank, and no one sees.
She doesn’t know if she should
keep it for herself or return it
1. Human vs. Society
• When a character disagrees with
societal values, laws or beliefs
Jonathon turns 18 and is required to
join the war for conscription,
but he does not believe in
1. Human vs. Technology
• When a character is in conflict with
technology in a variety of forms
Elizabeth faces a troop of robots she
has created that have turned
on her and want to kill her
1. First Person
• The story is told by the main
character or someone who is close
to the main character
• “I, me, we” are used
• The story is told from only one
person’s perspective
1. Third Person Omniscient
• Narrator is not involved in the story
• Narrator can move from character
to character and has access to all
thoughts and feelings
• “He, she, they, it”
are used
1. Third Person Objective
• As if a camera is following
characters and only records what
they do and say
• The reader has no knowledge of the
characters’ thoughts
• “He, she, they, it” are used
 “Johnny and Rachel were waiting at the
bus stop in the rain. Johnny was so cold
that he kept thinking about drinking a cup
of coffee. Rachel didn’t actually notice the
rain because she was thinking about the
huge assignment she had to write when
she got home.”
• 3rd Person Omniscient
 “It was late at night on a cold winter. I
was at home waiting, for my boyfriend to
come over, because he was already 30
minutes late. I was starting to get worried,
because he was a very punctual person.”
• First Person
 “Jason started running home after he
left the school. Behind him there was a
large group of dogs, that were gaining on
him. Sweat was dripping down his forehead
and he screamed; ‘HELP, somebody please
help me!’.”
• Third Person Limited
• The underlying or central idea. A
common thread that is repeated
throughout the story. A reflection of
some significant aspect of life.
• The sequence of events that make up
that story. The series of events or
incidences that happen to the main
• The series of events, conflicts, and crises
in the story that lead up to the climax
• The events add intensity and complicate
the conflict
• The setting is identified
• The main characters are introduced
• The main conflict is established
• The turning point of the story
• The height of tension
• The main character moves toward the
inevitable outcome
• The events that occur after the climax
• More events may occur but the end is
• Loose ends of the plot are tied up
• The final outcome for the main
character is revealed
• The main character is either triumphant
or defeated
• Includes three components:
Pick out the three components of setting
from the following passage:
“It was a cold winter day in Russia. The men were
standing lined up in a row, ready to hear their names for
role call. They had been woken up at 4 am, and had
been awake for thirty minutes. The happiness of
Christmas had worn off, and the January blues had set
in. It would be a long while before the men would get to
see their families again. Their training camp was 50 km
outside the nearest town, so not only were they
isolated, but they had no supply stores near by.”
A character’s personality and qualities can be
determined based on five main pieces of