Material check
See blue syllabus for ALL materials needed out on
PRINT name on blue signature page so legible and
submit to back
Also- turn in final essay from weekend
• Two types: novels and
short stories
1)Presents characters
3)introduces the basic situation in
which the characters are involved.
Rising Action
Complications develop, conflicts
(inciting incident) emerge, suspense
builds, and crisis occur.
Conflict (still Rising Action)
2 main types:
1. External conflict: takes place
between a character and another
person or between a character and
something non-human.
2. Internal conflict: takes place inside
a character’s mind.
1. Physical description
2. Character’s own speech, thoughts, feelings, or
3. Speech, thoughts, feelings, or actions of OTHER
characters provide another means of developing a
4. Narrator’s own direct comments also serve to
develop a character.
Rising action culminates into a
climax at the most suspenseful
moment. This is the key scene of the
story when our emotional
involvement is the greatest. Most
Falling Action
The intensity from the climax
subsides, eventually winding down.
Conflicts are resolved!
Resolution (denouement)
This is always at the end of the story
(sometimes only a paragraph).
Struggles are all over and we know
the outcome of the conflicts. The
resolution “closes” the story.
As readers, we make meaning.
What a story means to us
depends on who we are. Because
you and I have had different
experiences, lived in different
places, known different people,
we will see things differently.
The meaning each of us creates
from a text is therefore going to
be our own.
1. We connect with the text.
“This reminds me of my sister.”
“I had an experience like this.”
2. We ask questions.
We ask about situations or statements
that puzzle us. We ask about motives.
We try to figure out the meanings of
unfamiliar words.
3. We make predictions
We wonder, “Is this what is going to
happen next?”
We test our predictions against the
4. We interpret
We decide what the story means as a
whole and how its parts work
5. We extend the text.
We reflect on the meaning of the text
and think about its larger
significance. We think about how the
text can extend to some universal
aspect of human life.
6. We challenge the text.
We might say,
“This couldn’t possibly happen in real
“This character seems too good.”
“I wish the story had a different
Continue notes
1. Third person Omniscient
Omniscient means “All Knowing”.
This narrator is not a character in the
story and never refers to him/herself
with the first person pronoun “I”.
This narrator tells us everything about
every character.
2. First-person
One of the characters in a story talks
to us, using “I”. We can know only
what this person sees and hears about
events and about other characters.
3. Third-person limited
The storyteller zooms in on just one
character. We witness the events of a
story just as this one character
witnesses them.
What we know about other characters
is limited.
What often makes us remember a
story is the idea on which it’s
• Situational
• Verbal
• Dramatic
Note: For EACH short story we
study we will focus on:
Plot, vocabulary, author
information and figurative
SS terms
• Allusion- reference of any literary, historical or
mythological person, place or thing
• Analogy- a comparison between two things, for
the purpose of explanation or clarification
• Dialect-speech of a particular region or group
different from those of a real standard
• Dialogue- Conversation between characters
• Flashback- scene that interrupts the action of a
word to show previous events
• Foreshadowing- use of hints or clues to suggest
future action
• Imagery- words appealing to the senses
SS terms (cont’d)
• Metaphor- comparison of two unlike things not
using like or as
• Mood- emotional atmosphere in literature
• Personification- kind of metaphor that gives
inanimate objects human characteristics
• Satire- the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or
ridicule to expose and criticize politics and other
topical issues
• Simile- comparison of two things using like or as
• Tone- writer’s attitude toward the literature
• Word choice- author’s careful choice of words
including meaning
Homework for Monday and
Tuesday is to study!
• Quiz is Wednesday
• NO NOTES can be used. Most of these
terms are REVIEW, make sure and
highlight the terms that AREN’T, so you
know what to specifically spend more time
• Quiz is 36 questions, multiple choice
TEST is 9/23
• Will be able to use ALL notes taken on the
test. Be diligent with your notes,
assignments. If you get a wrong answer,
edit/fix it so on the test you can answer
questions accurately!
• Note: An organized spiral notebook would
be great to keep all notes together.
Personal Narrative – one
significant event
Sensory imagery
Snap shot moment
No contractions
First person present tense