Cell with chromosomes B. _____________ inside the nucleus Chromosomes are made of sections of DNA called genes. Genes are always in pairs. Each chromosome has many gene pairs. DNA sugars nitrogen bases Purposes of Cell Division fold Purposes of C e l l D i v i s i o n cut in Humans Purpose: Cell division for reproduction creates offspring with traits from both mother and father. makes Called: MEIOSIS MOM DAD X X X X X X X X sperm egg / / / / / / / / /\ /\ /\ /\ offspring (reproduction) Purpose: Cell division for growth and repair creates exact copies of a cell. Called: MITOSIS “My toe-sies” X X Skin X X Cell X X Skin X X Cell exact copy (growth & repair) Quick Quiz: me 1. Meiosis makes _____. reproduction 2. The purpose of meiosis is ______________. half the 3. Meiosis create egg and sperm cells with _____ original chromosomes. offspring 4. Egg and Sperm combine to create an __________ with unique traits. copy machine 5. Mitosis can be compared to a ______________. copy of the original cell. 6. Mitosis makes exact ______ growth and _______ repair 7. The purpose of mitosis is ________ of organisms.