Let’s enjoy the following pictures 矛 盾 Self-contradiction Do you know what the expression Have you heard the story self-contradiction “Pandora’s box”? means? When you see the picture, what story or expression can you think of? Do you think snakes have feet? What does the expression mean? Answer the questions: 1 What are the expressions above called in Chinese? 典故 Allusions 2 Then do you know some allusions in English? Match the two parts. Scrooge 最大最好的部分 a sacred cow 不可批评的人或事物 sour grape 吝啬的人 the lion’s share 把得不到的说成不 好 kill the goose that lays the golden eggs rack one’s brains break the ice black sheep 绞尽脑汁 打破沉默 害群之马 杀鸡取卵 When we refer to words or phrases like these to talk about another person or thing, we are using allusion. Now read the guidelines of this section on Page56 to know what an allusion is. An allusion is a way of making an indirect reference to stimulate ideas and associations with other things. Read Points1-5 to learn the meaning of each allusion and find the ways of making an allusion. a b c d e examples from literature examples from religion examples from works examples from history examples from real life According to the Points1-5, fill in the form. Allusions Come from The meanings Lei Feng To describe a person Real life who is kind and ready to help others Mona Lisa A work of To describe a person with charming smile. art Lin Daiyu The novel To describe the young lady who is Red Mansion Sentimental and sickish To describe The Bible someone Judas Who betray their friends or beliefs The battle To describe a History of final Waterloo defeat or failure Read the instruction and the table to understand the meaning of each allusion and think over to decide which of them are from literature, religion, history, real life or other sources. After that, put them in the right places in Zhang Hong’s diary. Answers: 1) a Herculean 2) dark horse 3) Mickey Mouse course 4) Daniel I the lion’s den 5)Achilles’ heel 6) good Samaritan 7) catch-22 8)Jonah The coincidences • 1.完全对等型 Walls have ears. Easy come, easy go. A big tree is a good shelter . Strike the iron when it is hot. In black and white. Talk black into white. It takes two to make a quarrel. Constant dripping wears away the stone. Behind the mountains, there are people 2 基本对等型 Save your breath. Laugh one’s head off. Love me, love my dog. 3 形式不同但意思一致 Make someone turn in his grave. Burn one’s boats. Don’t cast your pearls before swine. The biter is sometimes bit. When the cat’s away, the mice will play. Birds of a feather flock together. Two heads are better than one. Discussion Discuss in groups and decide which situations the following allusions are used in. the prodigal son be over the moon Pandora’s box dark horse Scrooge sour grapes Homework 1. Try to understand the meanings of allusions learnt this class and use them correctly. 2 Do PartC1and PartC2 on Page120 in workbook.