Maya Quiz Name ___________________________________________________ Period ________ Score ________ / 10 Circle the letter beside the best answer or the most appropriate response. 1. This person was considered the “god-king” and ruled each city-state. a. Peasant b. Noble c. Ajaw d. Priest 2. Maya athletes played a sacred ball game. This was a game played on a long open field 5 players against 5 players. What was the name of this game? a. Quetzal b. Senet c. Pok-a-tok d. Soccer 3. In the Maya social structure, which group gathered taxes and collected supplies and assembled labor for construction projects? a. Priests b. Nobles c. Peasants d. Slaves 4. The Mayans developed many advancements. Which of the following achievements do we still use today? Mark all that apply. a. Accurate calendar system b. A form of written language c. Mathematic system using zero d. The wheel and other metal tool 5. There were many reasons for the Mayan’s downfall. Which one of the following peoples were partially responsible. a. The Spanish b. The French c. The English d. The Native Americans 6. The Mayan diet consisted mainly of this major crop a. Potatoes b. Deer c. Cotton d. Maize 7. Which group of people from the Mayan social pyramid did the most undesirable tasks. a. Nobles b. Merchants c. Priests d. Slaves 8. Which social group had the jobs of farming in the fields and fighting in the wars. a. Nobles b. Peasants c. Lord d. Slaves 9. Maya practiced human sacrifice as a way to a. Understand position of the moon and stars b. To keep the gods happy and ensure rainfall, sunlight, etc. c. Punish captives and slaves d. Feed the animals 10. Maya did NOT use the following agricultural technique a. Terracing b. Irrigation c. Slash-and-burn d. Raised fields 11. The environment in the region where the Maya built their civilization was mostly a. desert b. plains c. mountains d. rainforest 12. Why were temples built in the center of the city-states? Please mark all that apply. a. Temples were the most important building and honored the gods. b. Temples were tall to be seen from a distance and to be closer to the gods. c. Temples were a great source of water for the community. d. Temples were burial sites for enemy ajaws. 13. The Mayans inhabited a geographic area knows as the Yucatán Peninsula. Identify the Mayan lands on the map below. a. A b. B c. C d. D A B C D 14. On the bottom of your answer document answer the following question. The Mayans had to develop many different ways to farm in the rainforest. Identify and describe one farming technique the Mayans used. You may draw a picture but it must be supported with written details. (2 points) EXTRA CREDIT: (1 point) On the bottom of your answer document, DRAW the Mayan number for 13.