Asian Migration, 1300-1750 By: Erin O’Dell, Katelynn Roman, Breanna Edwards, Symphony Graves Mughal Empire, 1526-1707 How Migration impacted them: •The commanding Emperor Akbar (1556-1605) had spent many years moving around with his troops, building new capitals for himself every where he went. •He eventually migrated his troops to the Hindu country. •He allowed them keep their ancestral lands, and offered them roles in his government along with his armies. •He still allowed Muslims to practice polygamy. •For it they paid him back with supplies for his troops, gave him alliances and paid tribute to him. Why are Ottoman, Mughal and safavid called gunpowder empires Ottoman .Ottomans challenged empires dominated most of modern day turkey in 1453. .Invaded Constantinople ending byzantine Empire .Ottomans conquered most of the ancient roman empire except westward Italy .Ottoman enslaved Christian children subjected turning them into Janissaries(warriors) Austrians and others battled for a century but never expanded much beyond European territories Mughal •Invaded Northern India •Quickly defeated the Delhi Sultanate •Dominated the Indian subcontinent for the next 300 years. Safavid •Dominated by Shia Island •Based on military conquest. Ottoman Empire, 1300-1700 Major events and turning points: 1301: Osman established its foundation in northwest Anatolia 1354: Gallipoli was taken over 1389: the battle of Kosovo and took control of the western Balkans 1453: ottomans conquered Constantinople 1451-81: mehmed “the conqueror” 1492: many Jews were expelled from Spain 1514: the battle of chaldiran 1520-30: about 1/5 Balkans population was Muslim, 4/5 was Christians, and a small amount of Jews 1527: the slave infantry numbered to about 28,000 1512-20: selim defeated the shi’a safauid empire in Persia 1520-66: Suleiman “the magnificent” 1571: the ottomans were defeated at sea 1580: a peace treaty confirmed the boundaries of the Mediterranean Ottoman Empire, 1300-1700 cont. 1600: the ottoman empire rose the same time Spain and Portugal did in western Europe, Constantinople was rebuilt into a capital city and it became the largest city in Europe 1606: battles on land continued until the peace treaty was confirmed 1683: last attempt to seize Vienna failed 1682-1725: Russia had built a military power under peter the great 1700s: the ottomans once again brought in western Europe experts to retrain their military Mid- 1700s: pushed the ottomans back 1762-96: Catherine “the great” Mughal empire 1526-1707 major events and turning points • 1568: siege of chitor massacre at 30,000 • 1572-1573: conquered Gujarat, gained control of cotton and indigo and commercial network • They conquered Bengal: gained rice, silk, and saltpeter resources • Conquered Kashmir, Orissa, Sind: each bout new riches. • Conciliation with Hindus: allowed them to keep their ancestral land, and offered them roles in his government and armies. Abul-Fazl presenting his book of the Akbarnama to Akbar. Akbar the Great A map of the Ottoman Empire.