Chapter 22 1991 to Present questions

Name _______________________________________________
Block ______________
Chapter 22: A Globalized or Fragmented New World 1991-Present
The Breakup of the Soviet Union
1. Who became the next communist leader of the Soviet Union?
2. How did Khrushchev denounce the rule of Stalin? What process began as a part of his reform plan?
3. How did Khrushchev lose popularity in the Soviet Union and eventually be removed from power?
4. How was Gorbachev different from Khrushchev?
5. Summarize each of the following reforms by Gorbachev:
a. Glasnost =
b. Democratization =
c. Perestroika =
6. Why were none of Gorbachev’s reforms fully carried out?
7. Who became the new leader of the renamed Russian Federation in 1991?
A New World Order
8. Briefly explain the relationship between Russia and the United States after the Cold War.
9. What is containment?
10. Define the following:
a. Osama bin Laden =
b. Al-Qaeda =
c. Saddam Hussein =
d. WMDs =
e. Preemption =
11. Explain the differences between Mao Zedong’s political economic model and that of Deng Xiaoping.
12. How did China attempt to improve their economy through the use of SEZs? Was it successful?
13. What was the Tiananmen Crisis of 1989?
Supranational Organizations
14. Define Supranational Organizations:
15. Define Globalization:
16. How has globalization changed world politics?
17. How has technology impacted the world?
18. What is the purpose of the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
19. What is the purpose of the World Bank?
20. What is NATO? Describe how its membership changed after the Cold War.
21. What is the purpose of the European Union (EU)?
22. List the major accomplishments the EU has recently had.
23. What is the goal of NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement?
Economic Trends
24. What are the 2 economic trends during the late 1900’s and early 2000’s.
25. Define MCDs:
a. What constitutes a MCD?
26. Define LCDs:
27. Define Command Economy:
28. Define Market Economy:
29. What are many countries moving towards market economies?
30. Define Marketization:
31. Describe the Modernization Model:
32. Describe the Dependency Theory:
Technological Trends
33. List some of the technological inventions of the 20th century.
34. What was the new phenomenon involving technology in the 21st century? AND, what is the downside for lessdeveloped nations?
Social and Demographic Trends
35. Describe the common reasoning for the massive urbanization that has taken place in Europe & N. America in
the 19th century and the developing nations of the 20th century.
36. Cite a couple stats that are evidence of this massive urbanization.
37. Your opinion: List a major pro and con of the world’s megacities. Can refer to list on top of p. 552.
38. Green Revolution
a. What was it?
b. 2 main advancements?
c. Results?
39. Use reading on pp. 552-53 as well as the map and caption on 553 to complete the web below.
Green Revolution?
Food Crisis in Africa:
40. In the 19th and 20th centuries, as a result of the Industrial Revolution, land was replaced by what as the main
contributing factor to social status?
Equality between men and women
41. From the information on pp. 554-55: Identify some reasons for increased inequality and political participation
for women in the 20th and 21th century.
42. Identify some economic barriers to women in emerging nations.
Human rights
43. Describe the significance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to the purpose of the United Nations.
44. How do you think John Locke, Thomas Jefferson and other enlightenment thinkers would react to the creation
of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
45. Non-governmental organizations (NGO) do very important work around the world. List 2 NGOs and summarize
their role.
46. Why do you think NGOs, rather than nations, are often able to better serve troubled regions?
Cultural Trends
47. What are the values of Modernism?
48. What is post-modernism and what are examples of it?
49. What is cultural globalization and why is it considered cultural imperialism?
50. How do ordinary people around the world access American culture? What is this called?
51. How has English come to dominate the globe as a preferred language?
52. What is “Bollywood”?
53. What World Event promoted English to be learned as a second language in other countries?
54. What is fragmentation?
55. What is a stateless nation? What is an example of a stateless nation in the Middle East?
56. Why is the attack of the Twin Towers and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001 considered a “Marker Event”?