Leader Analysis Sheet Name of Leader: Nikita Khrushchev Lifespan: 1894 - 1971 Title: Primary Leader of Soviet Union Country/region: Russia (Soviet Union) Years in Power: 1956 – 1971 Political, Social, & Economic Conditions Prior to Leaders Gaining Power: Decreased birth rates. The Soviet Union became fully industrialized between 1920 and 1950. Environment was damaged due to the industrialization. People’s health was also affected. Women acquired jobs and were taking on more physical tasks like men. Westernized ideas were banned. Education was used to make citizens loyal to the communist government. War was brought upon the Orthodox Church. Only the elderly remained faithful to the church. Western style social structure. Soviet Union remained relatively isolated up until the 20th century under Stalin. Built the Berlin Wall to separate East and West Germany. Cold War with the United States. Ideology, Motivation, Goals: He did not want to follow in the same steps as Stalin had. Instead, he looked down upon the intense concentration of power and the dictatorship. Significant Actions & events During Term of Power: Khrushchev opened up Siberian land to cultivate. He planted missiles in Cuba, probably one of the most intense moments in the cold war. Launched the first space program: Sputnik. Invaded Afghanistan in 1979. Short-Term effects: Brought the economy up drastically, but it soon failed after his succession. Little institutional reform: political trials became less common. Bad relations with other super powers. Long-Term Effects: Russia was the first to send people up into space.