NSB 230 – MICROBIOLOGY CHAPTER 1 – STUDY GUIDE 1. What is the subject of microbiology? 2. What are the major groups of microorganisms? 3. What are viruses? 4. Enumerate the reasons why microorganisms are easy and difficult to study 5. List the major differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. 6. Define ubiquitous. 7. How long have microorganisms being on the planet? 8. Name human uses of microorganisms. 9. Define evolution. 10. What are the characteristics of a scientific theory? 11. What is photosynthesis? 12. How do microbes “shape” our planet? 13. Define genetic engineering. 14. Define recombinant DNA technology. 15. Define bioremediation. 16. What is a pathogen? 17. What is the difference between emerging and re-emerging diseases? 18. What did the theory of spontaneous generation claim? 19. What is the difference between the concept of biogenesis and abiogenesis? 20. How did Pasteur’s experiment defeat the theory of spontaneous generation? 21. Who built the first microscope with enough clarity to observe microorganisms? 22. What contributions have the following people made to microbiology? a. Oliver Wendell Holmes b. Ignaz Semmelweis c. Joseph Lister d. Robert Koch 23. What does the germ theory of disease postulates? 24. Define nomenclature. 25. Define taxonomy. 26. What does “binomial nomenclature” mean? 27. What is the biological classification scheme? 28. What is the Woese-Fox system of classification based on? 29. What are the three domains of life? Which ones include prokaryotes?