Bell Quiz: Write Around • Instructions: 1. Take out a piece of paper and write your name on the upper right corner. 2. You will have 3 minutes to write your thoughts on the questions listed below. 3. Use your best handwriting, immediately discontinue writing at the end of the 3 minutes, you must write the entire 3 minutes, spelling and punctuation does not count but you need to do your best. Responses must be school appropriate. If you opposed the war in Vietnam and was drafted what decision would you make? If you chose to serve how would you view those who did not serve your country? Write Around Instructions: 1. Switch papers with someone sitting close to you. 2. You have 3 minutes to read your classmate’s writing and give a written response. 3. You must write for the entire 3 minutes. Write Around • Instructions: 1. Switch papers with an entirely different classmate. 2. You have 3 minutes to read the writings of both your classmates and give a written response to either of them or both of them. Your choice. 3. You must write for the entire 3 minutes. Write Around • Instructions: 1. Return the paper to the original student. 2. Quickly read the responses on your paper. Something To Think About Is refusing to serve treason OR…Exercising 1st Amendment Right to Freedom of Speech? Something To Think About 1) Should people who believe the war is wrong should not be forced to fight? Something To Think About 2) What is the difference between objecting to war in general and objecting to a particular war? 2A) What might happen to someone who is unwilling to fight because he believes war is wrong? Something To Think About 3) Should people with “special skills” be exempt from the draft? If not then what should be their role in the war? Objectives TLW… 1. Explain the draft policies that led to the Vietnam War becoming a working-class war. 2. Trace the roots of opposition to the war. 3. Describe the antiwar movement and the growing division in U.S. public opinion about the war. Mock Draft Activity SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM (DRAFT) • In 1964 the first draft since 1942 was implemented. • Young men between the ages of 18-26 were eligible for the “lottery.” • 100,000 young men were drafted in 1964. • 400,000 in 1966. RESISTING THE DRAFT 1) Fail the physical. 2) Change residency. 3) Join National Guard or Coast Guard. 4) Attend college (deferment): white people with $ 5) Conscientious Objector (CO)=morally or religiously don’t believe in war. 6) Flee to Canada (Draft Dodger). Video Segment American Stories: “Matters of Conscience” 11 Minutes AFRICAN-AMERICANS AND THE DRAFT • Dr. King called Vietnam “a white man's war, a black man's fight.” • WHY? 1) Blacks didn’t have the money to go to college and receive a draft deferment. 2) Blacks made up just 10% of the U.S. population, but 20% of the combat deaths. AFRICAN-AMERICANS DRAFTED DURING CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT • Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., “We were taking the young black men who had been crippled by our society and sending them 8,000 miles away to guarantee liberties in Southeast Asia which they had not found in Southwest Georgia and East Harlem…we have been repeatedly faced with the cruel irony of watching Negro and white boys on TV screens as they kill and die together for a nation that has been unable to seat them together in the same schools. THE ROOTS OF OPPOSITION • The “New Left”=youth movement (college age) in the 1960’s demanding changes in American society. • Organizations like “Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)” were created to restore democracy and freedoms that have been taken away by government and big business. THE ROOTS OF OPPOSITION • The “Free Speech Movement (FSM)” became popular in 1964 at the University of CalBerkeley. • FSM encouraged students to exercise their right to free speech by protesting against big business, government, and authority. THE ROOTS OF OPPOSITION • College students across the country joined FSM and SDS to protest against all authority figures and rules. • Protested against dress codes, curfews, dorm regulations, ROTC programs, government laws and …the Vietnam War. • Music: PROTEST MOVEMENTS • Anti-War protests erupted on college campuses nation wide. • The U.S. government accused 200,000 men as draft dodgers and imprisoned 4,000 resisters. • 15.4 million received legal exemptions or deferments. • 10,000 Americans fled to Canada. THE PENTAGON PROTEST • In October of 1967 an anti-war demonstration in Washington D.C. drew 75,000 protesters. • 30,000 of the protesters marched on the pentagon. • Military police met the crowd with tear gas and clubs. • 700 were arrested and 1,500 injured. Protests Video Clips http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bkASbgMA1 FI&feature=related&safety_mode=true&persist_ safety_mode=1&safe=active (Start at 5:05) AMERICA: LOVE IT OR LEAVE IT? • 50% of Americans still supported the war effort in January of 1967 even with the popularity and visibility of the war protesters. • Can a U.S. citizen criticize the war effort and still be loyal? • Music: Objective Review 1. How was the draft unfair? 2. What methods did the youth use to resist the draft? 3. How were colleges important to the New Left? 4. How did the American public respond to the protests against the war?