WAR AND THE DRAFT

advertisement
Bell Quiz: Write Around
• Instructions:
1. Take out a piece of paper and write your name on the upper
right corner.
2. You will have 3 minutes to write your thoughts on the questions
listed below.
3. Use your best handwriting, immediately discontinue writing at
the end of the 3 minutes, you must write the entire 3 minutes,
spelling and punctuation does not count but you need to do your
best. Responses must be school appropriate.
If you opposed the war in Vietnam and was drafted what decision
would you make? If you chose to serve how would you view those
who did not serve your country?
Write Around
Instructions:
1. Switch papers with someone sitting close to
you.
2. You have 3 minutes to read your classmate’s
writing and give a written response.
3. You must write for the entire 3 minutes.
Write Around
• Instructions:
1. Switch papers with an entirely different
classmate.
2. You have 3 minutes to read the writings of
both your classmates and give a written
response to either of them or both of them.
Your choice.
3. You must write for the entire 3 minutes.
Write Around
• Instructions:
1. Return the paper to the original student.
2. Quickly read the responses on your paper.
Something To Think About
Is refusing to serve treason
OR…Exercising 1st Amendment
Right to Freedom of Speech?
Something To Think About
1) Should people who believe the war
is wrong should not be forced to
fight?
Something To Think About
2) What is the difference between
objecting to war in general and
objecting to a particular war?
2A) What might happen to someone
who is unwilling to fight because he
believes war is wrong?
Something To Think About
3) Should people with “special skills”
be exempt from the draft? If not
then what should be their role in
the war?
Objectives
TLW…
1. Explain the draft policies that led to the
Vietnam War becoming a working-class war.
2. Trace the roots of opposition to the war.
3. Describe the antiwar movement and the
growing division in U.S. public opinion about
the war.
Mock Draft Activity
SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM
(DRAFT)
• In 1964 the first draft
since 1942 was
implemented.
• Young men between
the ages of 18-26 were
eligible for the “lottery.”
• 100,000 young men
were drafted in 1964.
• 400,000 in 1966.
RESISTING THE DRAFT
1) Fail the physical.
2) Change residency.
3) Join National Guard or
Coast Guard.
4) Attend college (deferment):
white people with $
5) Conscientious Objector
(CO)=morally or religiously
don’t believe in war.
6) Flee to Canada (Draft
Dodger).
Video Segment
American Stories: “Matters of Conscience”
11 Minutes
AFRICAN-AMERICANS AND THE DRAFT
• Dr. King called Vietnam “a
white man's war, a black
man's fight.”
• WHY?
1) Blacks didn’t have the
money to go to college
and receive a draft
deferment.
2) Blacks made up just 10%
of the U.S. population,
but 20% of the combat
deaths.
AFRICAN-AMERICANS DRAFTED
DURING CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
• Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., “We were taking the
young black men who had been crippled by our
society and sending them 8,000 miles away to
guarantee liberties in Southeast Asia which they
had not found in Southwest Georgia and East
Harlem…we have been repeatedly faced with the
cruel irony of watching Negro and white boys on
TV screens as they kill and die together for a
nation that has been unable to seat them
together in the same schools.
THE ROOTS OF OPPOSITION
• The “New Left”=youth
movement (college age)
in the 1960’s demanding
changes in American
society.
• Organizations like
“Students for a
Democratic Society (SDS)”
were created to restore
democracy and freedoms
that have been taken
away by government and
big business.
THE ROOTS OF OPPOSITION
• The “Free Speech
Movement (FSM)”
became popular in 1964
at the University of CalBerkeley.
• FSM encouraged students
to exercise their right to
free speech by protesting
against big business,
government, and
authority.
THE ROOTS OF OPPOSITION
• College students across
the country joined FSM
and SDS to protest
against all authority
figures and rules.
• Protested against dress
codes, curfews, dorm
regulations, ROTC
programs, government
laws and …the Vietnam
War.
• Music:
PROTEST MOVEMENTS
• Anti-War protests
erupted on college
campuses nation wide.
• The U.S. government
accused 200,000 men
as draft dodgers and
imprisoned 4,000
resisters.
• 15.4 million received
legal exemptions or
deferments.
• 10,000 Americans fled
to Canada.
THE PENTAGON PROTEST
• In October of 1967 an
anti-war demonstration
in Washington D.C.
drew 75,000 protesters.
• 30,000 of the protesters
marched on the
pentagon.
• Military police met the
crowd with tear gas and
clubs.
• 700 were arrested and
1,500 injured.
Protests Video Clips
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bkASbgMA1
FI&feature=related&safety_mode=true&persist_
safety_mode=1&safe=active (Start at 5:05)
AMERICA: LOVE IT OR LEAVE IT?
• 50% of Americans still
supported the war
effort in January of
1967 even with the
popularity and visibility
of the war protesters.
• Can a U.S. citizen
criticize the war effort
and still be loyal?
• Music:
Objective Review
1. How was the draft unfair?
2. What methods did the youth use to resist the
draft?
3. How were colleges important to the New
Left?
4. How did the American public respond to the
protests against the war?
Download
Related flashcards
Political science

34 Cards

Liberalism

24 Cards

Create flashcards