COMPUTER BASICS 1 1. Name: Braxton Sainsbury Take notes on this sheet during class discussion. Invention and Progression of Computers 1951 – UNIVAC 1- first Commercial Computer-Predicts Eisenhower Wins. 1958 – Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments Invented Integrated Circuits. 1969 – ARAPNET-Predecessor or Internet. 1980 & 1981 – Bill Gates Creates DOS. & IBM PC introduced. 1991 – World Wide Web (August 6th) 2001 – 25 million users that subscribe to AOL Internet Service & Internet Explorer. Types of Computers *Personal/Home Use *Business, Government, & Academic Use Handheld Devices(PDA)- Palm-Pocket PC, Cell Phones, Average Price-$200-$500. Mini Computer, Sometimes used as a Server for a Small-Medium Sized Network. Average Cost:$10,000 and up. Notebooks & Laptops, Portable. Average Cost $300-$2500. Mainframe, Used as a Server for medium to large sized businesses or organizations. Average Cost $100,000 and up. Desktop, Also called... Micro Computer or PC. Average Cost $250-$2500. (Apple is a PC) Supercomputer, Largest, most powerful computers used today. (NASA, Large Universities, Government) Average Cost $millions. A computer is a machine that performs four basic functions: Input Processing Output Hardware Computer system Software Storage 2. Before you buy a computer there are many things you should consider: Laptop or Desktop; Mac or Windows; price What you will do on the computer (music, photos, word processing, etc.) Assume that you can buy any computer you would like and answer the following questions: A. Would you buy a notebook (or a smaller portable computer) or a desktop computer? Why? I would Probably Buy A Laptop, Because I alreadyhave a deskop. I could take it to work or school with me if I needed to. Also very light and portable . B. Would you buy a Mac or a Windows/Vista Computer? Why? I would purchase a Windows/Vista Computer because that’s wat I have at home also I would like my laptop and desktop to match. C. What do you think you would use this computer for (write down at least 3-4 things)? I would use it for Music, Videos, E-mail, Gaming, internet. D. Using the Internet, shop for a computer. When you find a computer you think you would like to buy, make a screen grab and save it to your H: Drive then place it on you Wiki. Here are some websites where you could shop (or you can find your own): www.bizrate.com www.hp.com www.dell.com www.bestbuy.com www.costco.com www.apple.com 3. Go to http://www.freetypinggame.net/free-typing-certificate.asp take three separate test and make a screen grab of the results and and save it to your H: Drive then place it on you Wiki.