Calculating the Average Atomic Mass

Calculating the
Average Atomic Mass
Steps for Calculating Average Atomic Mass
(When given percentages of each isotope and each isotopes mass)
1. Convert the percentages into decimals. (This percentage is known
as its relative abundance or percent abundance).
2. Multiply the percentage of each isotope by its respective mass.
3. Add the numbers from step two together.
Atomic Mass (u)
Natural Abundance %
10.02 amu
11.01 amu
(percent abundance) (atomic mass) + (percent abundance) (atomic mass)
(0.1883) (10.02 amu) + (0.8117) (11.01 amu)
1.88677 + 8.93682 = 10.82359 amu
Independent Practice
1. Magnesium has three isotopes, Mg-24 (78.99%), Mg-25
(10.00%) and, Mg-26 (11.01%). Calculate the average atomic mass
of magnesium.
2. The new element Mustangium (Mu) was discovered in 1998 by
Mr. Abronowitz. It has three isotopes: Mu-284 (34.60%), Mu-285
(21.20%), and Mu-288 (44.20%). What is its average atomic mass?
3. Tellurium has eight isotopes: Te-120 (0.09%), Te-122 (2.46%), Te123 (0.87%), Te-124 (4.61%), Te-125 (6.99%), Te-126 (18.71%), Te128 (31.79%), and Te-130 (34.48%). What is its average atomic
4. Silicon has two isotopes, Si-29 and Si-28. Find their percentages
in nature.
5. In has two isotopes, In-115 which occurs 95.6% in nature. What
is the mass of the other isotope?