Introduction to William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar Part 1: Drama Terms for Julius Caesar 1. Soliloquy – A lengthy speech in which a character alone on stage expresses his/her inner thoughts aloud 2. Monologue – A lengthy speech delivered by one character – other characters can hear the speech 3. Aside – words spoken by a character, usually brief, in an undertone that other characters do not hear ( think Simpsons ) 4. Climax – turning point in the play after which the situations for the main characters will improve / get worse (in Shakespeare’s plays, the climax is always in the 3rd act – there are 5 acts ) Note: Look at your Shakespeare hand-out 5. Catastrophe – final events in a dramatic tragedy – the denouement 6. History Play – A play set in a non-fiction past – The main source used for Julius Caesar was Plutarch’s biography 7. Foreshadowing – a line/event that gives clues/hints about what is going to happen 8. Suspense – a sense of concern/unknowing created by foreshadowing, characterization and atmosphere 9. Pun – humorous use of words/phrases to suggest two or more meanings at the same time Example: What do you call a fish with no eyes? A fsh! Ha! 10. Motivation – the reasons behind a characters actions 11. Iambic Pentameter – a line of 5 feet – each foot followed by a stressed syllable ( 10 syllables ) 12. Blank Verse – unrhymed iambic pentameter 13. Comic Relief – a humorous section/scene within a tragedy which is usually NOT written in Iambic Pentameter 14. Heroic Couplet – 2 lines of rhymed iambic pentameter that express a complete thought Study these drama terms and your notes on Shakespeare – There will be a quiz next week! Part II: Themes & Motifs in Julius Caesar Theme: Universal Message or idea in a literary work – There are 3 Major Themes in JC # 1. Right to Rule - How does one acquire the right to rule? -Who grants that right? -Can it be revoked? -What are the characteristics of a good leader? #2 – Appearance vs. Reality - Things are not always as they appear - Appearances can be deceiving (literally and figuratively) #3 – Destiny vs. Freewill - Do we control our own fate or is it predetermined? - If we know the future, do we have the power to change it? Motifs – recurring images that usually help convey the theme (There are also three motifs In Julius Caesar) 1. Blood 2. Supernatural Events 3. Rot and Decay Remember, Motifs support themes.