Menstruation Princess Ova’s Great Escape Menstrual Cycle: A rhythmic cycle of approximately one month to prepare a female’s body for the possibility of pregnancy. Menstruation The release of a small amount of blood and tissue. lasts approximately the first 5 days of the menstrual cycle Menarche= First Menstruation - Occurs at about 12 years of age the 1st day menstruation begins the cycle What is PMS? Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a set of hormonal changes that trigger a wide range of physical and emotional symptoms in women. These symptoms can range from anger and irritability, to abdominal cramping and breast tenderness, to food cravings. PMS generally occurs between 7 to 14 days before menstruation and then stops once menstruation begins. It can only occur during a woman's childbearing years -- after menopause, it stops. Up to 40 percent of menstruating women experience symptoms of PMS. In most of these women, PMS is nothing more than an annoyance. But in about 5 percent of women, the symptoms are debilitating enough to interfere with daily life. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Signs and Symptoms include: weight gain - swelling in legs skin eruptions - mood swings headache - depression anxiety - clumsiness fatigue and - increased sleep cravings for sweets or salty foods Phases of Menstruation Day 1-4 = Menstruation: The uterine lining called the endometrium sheds and bleeds through the vagina. 1 ounce of blood flows out as well as the lining. It will not bleed if there is an egg implanted. Proliferative Phase: Day 4-13 = Proliferative Phase: Estrogen levels rise and the endometrium starts to rebuild and thicken itself. Ovulation: Day 14 = Ovulation: An egg is released from the ovaries and begins to travel through the fallopian tubes. Estrogen levels are at the highest. Peak fertility consists of the days right before ovulation and on this day. Secretory Phase Day 15-28 = Secretory Phase: Uterine lining continues to thicken. It is preparing for the implantation of an egg. If no implantation occurs, the cycle starts over again. The lining begins to shed again. Princess Ova’s Great Escape How the menstruation cycle works The Land of Familia Mt. Brain King Pitt’s Kingdom King Ovary’s Kingdom Body Wilderness Fallopian Tube Tunnels Uterine Forest Characters King Pitt Princess Ova Fabio ( FSH) Nanny Follicle Captain Luke ( LH) Estrogen King Ovary Progesterone Baby Ova Endometrium Wall “ Creepy” Cramp Man King Pitt Who they really are: Pituitary Gland Master of all the land Functions: Women’s sexual organs and development. Master of the two most important hormones FSH and LH Fabio (FSH) Who they really are: Functions: Follicle Stimulating Hormone Stimulates the growth of eggs in the ovaries Stimulates production Regulate sex organs for male and female. ( works with LH) Men: FSH develops sperm Captain Luke Who they really are: Luteinizing hormone Functions: Ovulationrelease of egg Stimulates ovulation and development of Loyal to his mistress “corpus luteum” King Ovary Who they really are: Ovary Produce eggs and hormones (holds them) Functions: Produce eggs and female hormones Baby Ova Who they really are: Egg Plural form is ovum Princess Ova Who they really are: Egg Functions: Becomes a baby if fertilized and implanted in the uterine Die and decay Nanny Follicle Who they really are: Follicle ( egg sac in ovary) “ corpus luteum” Protect ova and keep her safe Functions: Egg matures here Houses the egg while it develops Estrogen Who they really are: Hormone Gives a girl their feminine qualities. Strength Functions: Thickens the endometrium Stimulates growth of the egg In charge of feminine partshair, breast etc Progesterone Who they really are: Hormone Nourish “Protects Life” Functions: Helps: Endometrium peel off cleanly without heavy bleeding Uterus get ready for pregnancy Stops cells from being cancerous “ Creepy” Cramp Man Who they really are: Brings on stomach pain and cramps in a female Reasons girl get them: Prostaglandins chemical (Helps push blood out) Why does the “Creepy Cramp Man visit every month? Why? Cramps are caused by PROSTAGLANDIS: which are chemicals a girl’s body produces to make the muscles of the uterus contract. The contracting muscles help push the blood out through a girl’s vagina during her period. Some can be mild annoying or extremely painful. It is a normal part of your monthly period. Menstrual Abnormalities Premenstrual Starts Syndrome (PMS) then stops Very heavy Very light Very painful Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) Caused by using tampons Usually happens when girls use a super or super plus absorbency tampon when it is not needed. Fibers in the tampon allow bacteria to breed and cause infection. Avoid by changing tampon at least once every 4 to 8 hours. Menopause Cessation of the monthly menstrual cycle. Occurs Ovaries at age 51 on average. stop producing monthly ovum. Not true if you start early, you end early.