Chapter 10 Building a National Identity

Monday, March 17, 2014
•Read page 341-343 “Building national
•Page 340 key terms
•Do Now:
•Please open your textbooks to page 338
Building A National Identity
In 1816 the Republicans have a landslide
James Monroe wins the presidential election
Each region has different needs
The West
Represented by Henry Clay from Kentucky
The West needs better roads and canals
This would help to transport goods from region
to region
The North
Represented by Daniel Webster of
At first, the north opposed high tariffs
However, later they supported the tariffs
because it would allow factories to compete with
European manufcturers
The South
Represented by John C. Calhoun of South
In the beginning, this region favored national
Soon, he began to favor states' rights because
the South opposed the tariffs, it was raising the
prices of the goods the southerners bought
Tuesday, March 18, 2014
•Page 344 1-6
•Do Now:
•Please have out your key terms from
last night
Please completely answer
the questions below
• Why was there such a sense of unity in
America at this time?
• Who represents the different regions of
• What are their personal interests?
Economic Issues:
First Bank of US
the 1st National Bank no longer existed
because its charter had run out
This resulted in a bad economy because state
banks made too many loans and issued too
much money
Solution: 2nd National Bank was created to lend
money and control money supply
Economic Issues: Embargo
Act causes Manufacturing
The British were trying to keep their business
strong by dumping which is a process of selling
goods in another country under market price
The tariff of 1816 put a tax on foreign textiles,
iron, leather goods, and other products
The south opposed this because it forces
southerners to pay more for their goods. It made
the northerners rich at the expense of the South
Clay's American System
High tariffs and a federal program of public
It benefits the Northern regions because it
enables the north to buy farm products from the
west and the south
Although it allows the south and the west to sell
farm products to the northerners, in the long run
it would not aid them
they opposed
the system
It never became a policy
Both President Madison and President Monroe
refused to support Clay's projects
Wednesday, March 19, 2014
Complete classwork
Timeline complete with facts, dates & pictures
(1815-1840) due Friday
Do Now:
Have out homework (page 344)
Page 345 key terms
Thursday, March 20, 2014
• Homework:
–Complete WordSplash (2 paragraphs)
–Timeline due tomorrow (events 18151840)
• Do Now: Read section 2 (pages 345348)
Mexico Breaks Away
The struggle for independence begins in 1810
Father Miguel Hidalgo organizes an army of
Native Americans that freed Mexican
It continues through1823 when the monarchy is
They enforce a new constitution based off the
US which makes Mexico a federal republic of 19
states & 4 territories
South & Central American
Simon Bolivar led an army from Venezuela to
Columbia over the Andes Mountains
At this time, Central America includes many nations
we have today:
Costa Rica
El Salvador
South & Central American
In 1822, Brazil announced their independence
from Portugal
The Us recognizes the independence of Mexico
and 6 other former colonies
By 1825, most parts of Latin America had gotten
rid of European rule
Friday, March 21, 2014
• Please have out:
–Worksheet (lesson 2) from yesterday
Monroe Doctrine
Several European nations including Russia &
France indicated they would help Spain regain
their colonies
It states the US is determined to protect
freedom of the new nations of Latin America.
European nations could not create American
colonies or interfere with free nations of Latin
America and any attempt to do so would be
considered "dangerous to our peace & safety"
Before 1841, Canada was split by upper and lower
parts. the Upper was controlled by the English and
the lower by the French
The Act of Union (1841) merged Canada's 2 parts into
a single unit governed by Canadian legislature
This gave Canada self-government (right to rule
themselves independently)
Britain still had ultimate control though
Our relations with Canada were tense because during
the War of 1812 the US tried to invade Canada
Monday, March 24, 2014
Complete section 3 (through page 354) guided
Do Now:
Please reread section 3 (page 349)
Election of 1824
Andrew Jackson, John Quincy Adams, Henry
Clay, and William Crawford all run for President
Jackson receives the most electoral votes, but
not the majority vote therefore the House of
Representatives must decide
Adams and jackson had received the most
votes so the House had to choose between
Henry Clay was Speaker of the House so he
had a great influence
"Corrupt Bargain"
The House elects John Quincy Adams on the first
Because Clay put his support behind Adams and
then Adams made him Secretary of State, jackson
claimed the two men had made a "corrupt bargain"
Jackson was furious that he had won the popular
vote and the most electoral votes, but had still lost
the election
Voting Increases Tremendously
Many states had dropped the requirements that
in order to vote, a man must own property
Now almost all adult white males could vote
Political Parties (AGAIN)
In 1824, the Republican Party splits:
Democratic Party forms by supporters of
National Republican Party supports John
Quincy Adams
Later this party becomes the Whigs
Changing how we choose a
Presidential candidate
We change from a caucus which only involves a
small group of people
to nominating committees which opened the
nominating process to many more people
Benefit: made voting and nominating process
more democratic in the US
Monday, May 6, 2013
• No Homework 
• Do Now:
–Key terms page 355
Conflict Over Land
The Government along with white settlers and
the Native Americans are all eager for the land
east of the Mississippi River
The government's reasoning:
The Native Americans stood in the way of
westward expansion for the United States
White settlers wanted this land because it
was fertile and good for growing cotton
Native Americans in the
Effect: Indian Removal
These policies date back all the way to Thomas
Jefferson's presidency
Indian Removal Act of 1830:
This gave Andrew Jackson the authority to offer
Native American nations land west of the
Mississippi for lands they were living on in the
Most Native Americans
believed they had no
Because of this, they signed treaties
In those treaties, they agreed to give up their
lands and move west of the Mississippi River