What is the definition of human development, or developmental science?
What are the periods of development in human development?
What are the domains of development in human development?
What is a theory? Why are theories important?
Basic issues in development
Continuous or discontinuous
One course or many
Nature vs. nurture
Different types of influences on development
– age-graded, history-graded, nononormative
What is resilience? What are some factors that relate to resilience?
Review & Preview
Theories of human development
Video: Journey Into Life
Chapter 2: Genetic and Environmental
Chapter 3: Prenatal Development, Birth and the Newborn Baby
Infancy and toddlerhood
Conception to birth
1) Human development, or developmental science, is the study of
____________________and ___________________ throughout the lifespan.
2) Theories are vital tools for developmental researchers because they
A) ensure proper use of research procedures.
B) illustrate the ultimate truth regarding human behavior.
C) provide organizing frameworks for our observations of people.
D) do not require scientific verification.
3) A theory that suggests that children’s behavior is determined based upon their genetic inheritance favors the nurture view.
4) How many periods of development are there in the lifespan? _______
1) How many chromosomes are in most human cells? _____________
Sex cells and sex chromosomes are the same thing; they are terms for the genetic information that determines if an individual is biologically male or female.
3) Inheritance is a simple process where a dominant characteristic displays over a recessive characteristic.
4) Which of the following prenatal diagnostic methods is considered safe for routine use, as it poses little risk to the developing organism?
a) amniocentesis b) fetoscopy c) chorionic villus sampling d) maternal blood analysis
1) Name the three periods of prenatal development that occur between conception and birth.
2) All teratogens are equally harmful during the prenatal period.
3) Indicate which stage of labor (1, 2 or 3) matches each description.
_____ Delivery of the baby
_____ Delivery of the placenta
_____ Dilation and effacement of the cervix
4) About how many hours per day does the average newborn sleep?