Pre-Revolutionary War - Ector County Independent School District

Unit 03: American
Vocab Cards
to refuse to buy items in order to show
disapproval or force acceptance of one’s
the action of taxing
a fundamental change in political organization
the overthrow of a government
the quality of state of being independent
system by which a nation increases its wealth
and power by obtaining from its colonies gold,
silver, and other raw materials. It includes a
favorable balance of trade. The colonies
become a source of raw materials for the
mother country. The colonies also are expected
to be the purchasers of manufactured goods
from the mother country.
of 1763
British Parliament law; colonists were forbid
den to settle west of the Appalachian
Mountains, Britain wanted a buffer zone
between the colonists and the Native
Americans (reduce threat of violence) but the
colonists wanted to settle the fertile Ohio
River Valley
Sugar Act
Parliament passed a modified version of
the Sugar and Molasses Act (1733), which
was about to expire. Under the
Molasses Act colonial merchants had been
required to pay a tax of six pence per gallon
on the importation of foreign molasses.
Stamp Act
required that all legal documents (e.g., diplom
as, contracts, wills, newspapers) have an
official stamp showing that a tax had been
paid; British used this to generate revenue to
help cover the cost of the French and Indian
War; colonists react by rioting.
Acts 1767
Taxes on glass, paint, oil, lead, paper, and tea
were applied with the design of raising
£40,000 a year for the administration of the
Acts 1774
also known as the Coercive Acts); British react
ion to the Boston Tea Party; closed the port of
Boston until the tea was paid for, restructured
Massachusetts government, troops quartered
in Boston and British officials accused of
crimes sent to England or Canada for trial;
colonists reacted by boycotting British goods
and First Continental Congress convenes
Boston Tea
the quality of state of being independent
These were colonists who remained loyal to the
British monarchy and disagreed with the
Declaration of Independence