STAAR Review Questions 5.7A

5.7A Earth and space. The student knows
Earth's surface is constantly changing and
consists of useful resources. The student is
expected to explore the processes that led to
the formation of sedimentary rocks and fossil
***STAAR Released questions – first few
questions, then “STAAR” quality questions for
the rest
What are some ways that glaciers
can affect the surface of the
Glaciers can:
-erode rocks and sediment on a
-push sediment on top of other
sediment, creating layers.
-breakdown different landforms.
-deliver sediment into an area
creating deposition.
Erosion is the process of
moving sediment from one
location to another.
Erosion often occurs on
hillsides. What are some
things that we can do to
slow down erosion?
Answers can include:
-plant grass on the hillside. The roots help
to hold the soil in place.
-Place large rocks on the hillside to hold
the soil in place.
Create a drainage system so that rain
cannot move the soil as quickly.
What is the main source of energy
for ALL life on Earth?
(This includes plants, animals,
cycles, etc.)
The Sun
Explain weathering, erosion and
Erosion is the process of moving
sediment from one place to another.
Weathering is the breaking down of large
rocks into smaller rocks. Eventually, soil
is formed this way.
Deposition is the process of dropping off
sediment into a new location. Deltas are
formed because of deposition.
How are fossil fuels formed?
Fossil Fuels formed from buried
remains of plant and animal life that
was changed by millions of years of
pressure and heat.