* The Constitution 1867 outlines the structure of Canada and the balance of power between the various governments * Federal Provincial Municipal Military Currency Immigration Education Health Care Labour & Unions Police Garbage Transit Executive Branch • Queen • Governor General • Prime Minister • Cabinet • Civil Service Legislative Judiciary Branch Federal Government • Governor General • Senate • House of Commons • Supreme Court • Court of Appeal • Superior Court • Provincial Court * * Sets Policy * Present budgets * Proposes Legislation * Implements laws passed by the legislature * Makes Laws * * * An independent third party in legal disputes to clarify laws. * Appointed by governments but free from influence. * The Charter of Rights is entrenched in the Canadian Constitution * The Constitution is very difficult to change or amend… As it should be. * *Approval of the House of Commons *Approval of the Senate *Approval of two-thirds of provinces representing 50 percent of population *The territories are not part of the formula *If an amendment only affects the Federal Parliament then only the Federal Parliament needs to approve of the change Eg. If the retirement age of Senators was suggested only the Federal Parliament would need to approve. *If an amendment has an impact on only one province then the Feds and that province need to agree to the change. *Eg. In 1998 Newfoundland changed the structure of its education system.