TX History Fall Semester Study Guide 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Jumano Apache Commanche Kiowa Wichita Caddo-also lived in Coastal Plains Region 7. Atakapans 8. Karankawa Both nomads 9. Coahuiltecan on Gulf Coast 4 6 5 2 3 7 1 9 8 1. 2. 3. 4. Regions of Texas Mountains & Basins Region-lots of mountains, not much water Great Plains Region-flat land Central Plains Region-flat land with lakes/rivers Coastal Plains Region-lots 1 of rivers Natural TX & It’s History People Era is defined by how the American Indian Tribes adapted to life in TX. Republicanism-power held by the people to elect representatives; both the U.S. and TX Constitutions provide the framework to elect representatives. Popular sovereignty- PEOPLE decide issues by voting. 3 2 4 Palo Duro Canyon TX Constitution vs. US Constitution 1. 3 Branches of Govt. 2. Bill of Rights 3. Checks & Balances By including the Bill of Rights, it shows a commitment to individual rights. 3 branches= executive, legislative, judicial In 1718 Spanish The best way to colonists founded the determine this is a mission map is the city of San Antonio. Indian quarters & the A characteristic of church. Spanish-Colonial Era in The economic TX would be that activities that best missions were built to supported the missions confirm SPANISH claims in central TX based on to the land in TX the geography & environment would be Law of April 6, 1830 was to stop immigration ranching. Mtn. Basin Coastal Plains into TX from U.S. Geographically speaking, the east TX has more rivers than west TX. A major change in TX society during Mexican National Era would be the establishment of Anglo societies. Prior to this the people in TX were Mexican or Indian. Ex. Stephen F. Austin establishes first large Anglo Colony in TX (1821) 1820-Moses Austin received the first empresario contract; 1821-Mexico gained Independence from Spain 1824-Mexican Constitution was drafted; 1825-empresario contracts were given out. 1836- Washington on the Brazos- delegates meet to est. an independent gov’t. 1519-Pineda mapped the TX coastline; 1532-Cabeza de Vaca reported on TX; 1685-LaSalle established a French settlement in Ft. St. Louis U.S. President Const. of Polk decided to 1824 admit TX to the (combined TX and U.S. based on Cohuila)= his belief in political Manifest tensions (disagreement) Destiny. Letter from the Alamo written by William Travis was Why come to TX? CHEAP to inform others that reinforcements were needed. Farm Land! George Childress was primary author of the TX Declaration of Independence. Santa Fe Expedition was to establish a western boundary of Texas Major goals of Houston’s Presidency was to lower the debt from the Revolution.