Unit 1 - Four Geographic Regions of Texas New

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The Coastal Plains (also known as the
Gulf Coastal Plains) covers more
than 40% of the land area of the
state. The land in this area is low and
marshy. The eastern part of the
region has pine and hardwood trees,
while the western has grassy prairies
and brush land.
It is known for containing rich soil and
having high rainfall, which is good for
growing fruits, vegetables, and COTTON!
The resources in this area include oil and
timber. This region contains the cities of
Houston, San Antonio, Austin,
Galveston, and Brownsville, which
makes it a very urban region.
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Important Facts:
 The Mouth of the Colorado empties here.
 It is where important battles happened, like San
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Jacinto and the Alamo.
NASA is located here (in Houston)!
The King Ranch, one of the most famous in Texas,
is part of the Coastal Plains.
Hurricanes can be a problem here.
Dell Computers is located in Austin.
The North Central Plains has gently
rolling prairies with a few high hills
and mesas. There are also a few
forests growing in river valleys in
this area. Resources in this area
include oil and natural gas.
The North Central Plains are perfect
for ranching and farming. There are
many meat and dairy processing
centers in this part of Texas. This
region contains the cities of Fort
Worth, Abilene, Denton,
Brownwood, and parts of Austin.

Important Facts:
 Fort Worth stockyards are an important historical
marker in this region.
 Dinosaur Valley State Park is in the North Central
Plains.
 There is a very high percentage of horse farms
here.
This area consists of flat and rolling
prairies. It is actually known as one
of the flattest places on Earth. This
region includes the Llano Estacado,
Edwards Plateau, Permian Basin,
and the Balcones Escarpment. Oil
and gas are a large part of the
economy in the Great Plains.
Wheat and cotton are both grown in the
Great Plains. The cities of Lubbock, San
Angelo, Amarillo, and Midland-Odessa
are part of this region. This region is
known for harsh weather and for even
having blizzards and dust storms! Texas
Tech University is located in the Great
Plains region. Go Red Raiders!
Edwards Plateau
Llano Estacado
This area is mountainous, containing
canyons, deserts, and dry plateaus.
The Guadalupe Mountains (the
highest mountain of Texas which is
8,751 feet above sea level) are in this
region. With the Guadalupe, there
are also the Davis and Chisos
Mountains.
The land in this area is known for
being dry and desert-like. Alfalfa,
cotton, and pecans are grown in this
region. Big Bend National Park is
in this region, along with the cities of
El Paso, Marfa, and Fort Stockton.
The Pecos River also flows through
this region.
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