SOCIAL STUDIES – Review Sheet Unit 1-Chapter 1: Exploring the United States Be able to define, explain, and give examples of the following *key* vocabulary words: relative location-where a place is in relation to other places on Earth The relative location of the United States is west of the Atlantic Ocean, east of the Pacific Ocean, south of Canada, and north of Mexico. source-the place where a river begins or starts climate-the kind of weather a place has most often, year after year Temperature, wind, and precipitation best describe weather and climate. For example, Alaska has a colder climate than Hawaii because it’s farther from the equator. Also, Mountain areas usually have a colder climate than valley areas. renewable resources-something that can be made again by nature or people Trees are an example of a renewable resource. environment-the surroundings in which people, plants, and animals live nonrenewable resource-something that cannot be made again by nature or by people Oil is an example of a nonrenewable resource. One way people can help conserve oil is by driving cars less often. elevation-the height of the land above sea level Mt. McKinley has the largest elevation in North America. industry-all the businesses that make one kind of product or provide one kind of service The farming industry needs a lot of water to grow crops. equator-an imaginary line that divides Earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere Because the U.S. is located north of the equator, it lies in the Northern Hemisphere. landform-one of the shapes that makes up Earth’s surface, such as mountains, hills, valleys, or plains Be able to locate the following places on a map and know their relative locations: Refer to p. 20 in your s.s. book to locate all of these places on a map: Appalachian Mountains Atlantic Ocean Canada Coast Ranges Coastal Plain Gulf of Mexico Interior Plains (Central Plains and the Great Plains) Mexico Pacific Ocean Rocky Mountains Sierra Nevada Be able to read a map using the following map skills: latitude and longitude-Refer to pages 16-17 in your s.s. book. line graph-Refer to pages 30-31 in your s.s. book. elevation-Refer to pages 24-25 in your s.s. book. Be able to explain the following concepts: Your state’s relative location of the Mississippi River-Pennsylvania is located east of the Mississippi River. Coastal Plain and Interior Plains (similarities and differences)-Both are large areas of flat land in the U.S. The Coastal Plain is in the eastern part of the country, but the Interior Plains are in the middle. The Coastal Plain runs along the Atlantic Ocean, but the Interior Plains are located inland. Sources of fresh water in the United States and how they’re used-The main sources of fresh water in the U.S. are rivers, lakes, and groundwater. People use these resources for drinking, cooking, cleaning, growing food, and creating power. Conservation and its importance-Conservation is the protecting of natural resources and using them wisely. Conservation is important because people need natural resources to survive, and all resources are limited.