Regions Study Sheet Use a scale on a map to determine the distance between two points. Mountains and Basins- There are not many cities in this region because transportation is difficult. This is the only region that is not fit for cattle because there are no large areas of flat land for them to graze. Great Plains- Palo Duro Canyon, Cap Rock Escarpment, and the Edward’s Plateau are all found in this region. Flat with few trees. Early settlers had trouble finding shelter in this region. Strong winds make winters pretty tough here. El Paso would have a much different landscape and weather pattern than Austin, San Antonio, and Ft. Worth because it is in the Mountains and Basins region. Austin, San Antonio, and Ft. Worth are all in flat plains regions. All four regions in Texas have rivers. Texas is split into four regions based on their physical features. Most cities grew because they were close to good sources of water. Minerals, trees, and grasslands are all examples of natural resources that lead to economic activity. Know how to use a grid system, compass rose, map legend, and a map scale. Ranching was the main industry in the Great Plains, Central Plains, and Coastal Plains in the 1800’s.