Unit 4- Great Depression & New Deal Test
Total = 100points
Section 1: Who am I? (2 points each):
__________________________ 1. I developed a program in which everyone over the age of
60 would receive $200/month that they must spend. I attracted a huge following and even
influenced the second New Deal.
__________________________ 2. We were academics that helped FDR assemble the New
__________________________ 3. I was doing fine in September, but suddenly in late
October something went terribly wrong and I delivered a terrible blow to the people.
__________________________ 4. I proclaimed to the nation, “The only thing we have to fear,
is fear itself.”
__________________________ 5. I incurred much criticism from the American people
because my anti-depression programs failed to generate any economic recovery. The people
wanted more government involvement, but my belief in the concept of laissez-faire would not
allow any more government involvement in the economy.
__________________________ 6. I was the first African American woman to head a federal
agency as director of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration.
__________________________ 7. I was the United States Supreme Court case that declared
the Agricultural Adjustment Act unconstitutional.
__________________________ 8. I am defined as a risky technique involving the purchase of
securities with borrowed money, using the shares as collateral. I was used by investors heavily
in the twenties and I am considered one of the contributing factors to the stock market crash.
__________________________ 9. I was the name of the informal radio addresses given by
President Roosevelt.
__________________________ 10. I was the worst day for the stock market in 1929. A total
of 16 million shares were dumped on the stock market.
__________________________ 11. I can officially be called October 24, 1929, but because so
many stocks had been sold and prices plummeted, I also received this unofficial name.
__________________________ 12. I was the corrupt Governor of Louisiana, who started the
“Share the Wealth Society.”
__________________________ 13. I was the United States Supreme Court Case that declared
the NIRA unconstitutional.
__________________________ 14. I was one of the worst public confrontations seen by the
nation. I was composed of 15,000 World War I veterans and their families, who came to
Washington to receive a bonus they were not supposed to receive until 1945.
__________________________ 15. I became the eyes and ears for my husband throughout his
years as President.
__________________________ 16. I was a Catholic Priest, who developed a following of
millions with my radio broadcasts.
__________________________ 17. I was a series of new legislative initiatives that were
developed by the President in 1935 after he was re-elected.
__________________________ 18. I was the first women ever appointed to a cabinet
position. I was Secretary of Labor.
__________________________ 19. I was ratified in December, 1933. I repealed the 18th
__________________________ 20. I greatly influenced FDR and the New Deal and I
encouraged government to “prime the pump” of consumer spending and business investment
through certain taxing and spending policies, which was a revolutionary break with the laissezfaire thinking of the time.
21st Amendment
Eleanor Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Herbert Hoover
Mary McLeod Bethune
Brain Trust
John M. Keynes
Dr. Townsend
Huey Long
Frances Perkins
Bonus Army
October 29, 1929
Father Coughlin
Stock Market
Buying on Margin
Second New Deal
Black Thursday
Fireside Chats
A.L.A Schechter Poultry Corp. vs. US
US vs. Butler
Section 2: Name the Alphabet Agency (2 points each):
__________________________ 1. Deflected the challenge of the Townsendites.
__________________________ 2. Moved thousand of farm families to areas with good soil.
__________________________ 3. Young men from the city were put to work in national
parks and forests.
__________________________ 4. The government will pay the farms to not produce.
__________________________ 5. Gave $500 million to state and local governments to give
to needy families.
__________________________ 6. Spent billions of dollars constructing dams to control
floods and generate hydroelectric power.
__________________________ 7. Required companies to tell investors financial information
about companies.
__________________________ 8. Reaffirmed the right of workers to unionize and bargain
__________________________ 9. Encouraged farmers to join cooperatives to bring
electricity to farms.
__________________________ 10. Enabled homeowners to refinance their home mortgages
at a lower rate.
Social Security Act
Resettlement Administration
Homeowners Loan Corporation
Federal Securities Act
Rural Electrification Administration
Social Security Act
Wagner Act
Section 3: Political Cartoons (5 points each):
1. Explain the cartoon. Tell what historic event is depicted by the cartoon that we discussed in this unit.
Explain fully.
2. Explain fully what this cartoon by explaining the 5 objects in the cartoon and what they stand for based on
what we have discussed in this unit. Be sure to explain COMPLETELY!
“Some Folks Might Prefer the Horse & Buggy Era”
Supreme Court
3. Answer the following questions about the cartoon. What do the three objects in the cartoon represent and
what do each mean? What does the stone inscribed Supreme Court refer to? Is the cartoon critical of FDR?
Why or why not?
Section 4: Short Answer (5 points each): USE A SEPARATE SHEET OF
1. Tell me what each of the following acronyms stand for:
TVANIRAAAAPWACCC2. Name 5 causes of the Great Depression from the list that I gave you in class
3. How did the Great Depression affect the American people? Tell me in at LEAST 5 sentences what it was
like for the American people to live during the Great Depression.
4. Give a brief biography of Franklin D. Roosevelt. You must include information about his education, other
offices held, his wife, medical condition, and his family background. Did he believe in laissez-faire economics?
5. Explain the election of 1932. Who ran? Who won? Did he win by a large majority or was it a close race?
What political party won a majority in both houses?