CP US II 1 Unit 4- Great Depression & New Deal Test Total = 100points Section 1: Who am I? (2 points each): __________________________ 1. I developed a program in which everyone over the age of 60 would receive $200/month that they must spend. I attracted a huge following and even influenced the second New Deal. __________________________ 2. We were academics that helped FDR assemble the New Deal. __________________________ 3. I was doing fine in September, but suddenly in late October something went terribly wrong and I delivered a terrible blow to the people. __________________________ 4. I proclaimed to the nation, “The only thing we have to fear, is fear itself.” __________________________ 5. I incurred much criticism from the American people because my anti-depression programs failed to generate any economic recovery. The people wanted more government involvement, but my belief in the concept of laissez-faire would not allow any more government involvement in the economy. __________________________ 6. I was the first African American woman to head a federal agency as director of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration. __________________________ 7. I was the United States Supreme Court case that declared the Agricultural Adjustment Act unconstitutional. __________________________ 8. I am defined as a risky technique involving the purchase of securities with borrowed money, using the shares as collateral. I was used by investors heavily in the twenties and I am considered one of the contributing factors to the stock market crash. __________________________ 9. I was the name of the informal radio addresses given by President Roosevelt. __________________________ 10. I was the worst day for the stock market in 1929. A total of 16 million shares were dumped on the stock market. __________________________ 11. I can officially be called October 24, 1929, but because so many stocks had been sold and prices plummeted, I also received this unofficial name. CP US II 2 __________________________ 12. I was the corrupt Governor of Louisiana, who started the “Share the Wealth Society.” __________________________ 13. I was the United States Supreme Court Case that declared the NIRA unconstitutional. __________________________ 14. I was one of the worst public confrontations seen by the nation. I was composed of 15,000 World War I veterans and their families, who came to Washington to receive a bonus they were not supposed to receive until 1945. __________________________ 15. I became the eyes and ears for my husband throughout his years as President. __________________________ 16. I was a Catholic Priest, who developed a following of millions with my radio broadcasts. __________________________ 17. I was a series of new legislative initiatives that were developed by the President in 1935 after he was re-elected. __________________________ 18. I was the first women ever appointed to a cabinet position. I was Secretary of Labor. __________________________ 19. I was ratified in December, 1933. I repealed the 18th Amendment. __________________________ 20. I greatly influenced FDR and the New Deal and I encouraged government to “prime the pump” of consumer spending and business investment through certain taxing and spending policies, which was a revolutionary break with the laissezfaire thinking of the time. 21st Amendment Eleanor Roosevelt Franklin D. Roosevelt Herbert Hoover Mary McLeod Bethune Brain Trust John M. Keynes Dr. Townsend Huey Long Frances Perkins Bonus Army October 29, 1929 Father Coughlin Stock Market Buying on Margin Second New Deal Black Thursday Fireside Chats A.L.A Schechter Poultry Corp. vs. US US vs. Butler CP US II 3 Section 2: Name the Alphabet Agency (2 points each): __________________________ 1. Deflected the challenge of the Townsendites. __________________________ 2. Moved thousand of farm families to areas with good soil. __________________________ 3. Young men from the city were put to work in national parks and forests. __________________________ 4. The government will pay the farms to not produce. __________________________ 5. Gave $500 million to state and local governments to give to needy families. __________________________ 6. Spent billions of dollars constructing dams to control floods and generate hydroelectric power. __________________________ 7. Required companies to tell investors financial information about companies. __________________________ 8. Reaffirmed the right of workers to unionize and bargain collectively. __________________________ 9. Encouraged farmers to join cooperatives to bring electricity to farms. __________________________ 10. Enabled homeowners to refinance their home mortgages at a lower rate. TVA Social Security Act AAA Resettlement Administration CCC Homeowners Loan Corporation FERA Federal Securities Act Rural Electrification Administration Social Security Act Wagner Act CP US II 4 Section 3: Political Cartoons (5 points each): 1. Explain the cartoon. Tell what historic event is depicted by the cartoon that we discussed in this unit. Explain fully. CP US II 5 2. Explain fully what this cartoon by explaining the 5 objects in the cartoon and what they stand for based on what we have discussed in this unit. Be sure to explain COMPLETELY! CP US II 6 “Some Folks Might Prefer the Horse & Buggy Era” Supreme Court 3. Answer the following questions about the cartoon. What do the three objects in the cartoon represent and what do each mean? What does the stone inscribed Supreme Court refer to? Is the cartoon critical of FDR? Why or why not? CP US II 7 Section 4: Short Answer (5 points each): USE A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER FOR YOUR ANSWERS 1. Tell me what each of the following acronyms stand for: TVANIRAAAAPWACCC2. Name 5 causes of the Great Depression from the list that I gave you in class A. B. C. D. E. 3. How did the Great Depression affect the American people? Tell me in at LEAST 5 sentences what it was like for the American people to live during the Great Depression. 4. Give a brief biography of Franklin D. Roosevelt. You must include information about his education, other offices held, his wife, medical condition, and his family background. Did he believe in laissez-faire economics? 5. Explain the election of 1932. Who ran? Who won? Did he win by a large majority or was it a close race? What political party won a majority in both houses?